본 연구에서는 서울 근교 산림에서 1960년대 조림한 조림지의 생태적 기능을 파악하기 위하여, 리기다소나무 (Pinus rigida) 조림지와 신갈나무 (Quercus mongolica) 이차림에서 곤충 군집 구조를 비교하였다. 2014년 9월 2일부터 11월 6일까지 약 3개월 동안 리기다소나무림과 신갈나무림에서 5개의 함정 트랩 (pitfall trap)을 이용하여 격주로 곤충을 채집하였다. 리기다소나무림과 신갈나무림에서 곤충 군집 구조를 분석한 결과에 따르면, 종풍부도는 리기다소나무림에서 약간 높았고 종균등도는 신갈나무림에서 더 높았으며 종풍부도와 종다양도는 두 산림에서 비슷하였다. 두 지역의 곤충에 대한 군집 분석 결과에서 유의한 차이는 나타나지 않았다. 그러므로 조림 후 40-50년이 경과한 리기다소나무 조림지는 곤충 서식지로서의 생태적 기능을 충분히 수행하고 있는 것으로 판단되었다.
The insect community structures between a plantation of Pinus rigida and a secondary forest of Quercus monglica were compared to find out one of the ecological roles of a forest planted in 1960s in a suburban area of Seoul, Korea. We collected the insect samples biweekly from September to November in 2014 by using 5 pitfall traps in both forests. The results of analyzing the community structure index of insects in both forests of P. rigida and Q. Mongolica showed that the species richness was a little higher and species evenness was a little lower in P. rigida plantation, and species diversity and dominance were similar in the two forests. The analysis results of insect community structure at the two forests did not show any significant difference. We conclude that the plantation of P. rigida over 40-50 years could sufficiently perform an ecological function as an insect habitat.
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