본 연구에서는 소량 혼합재로서 석회석과 고로슬래그를 단독 또는 복합으로 10%까지 혼합하면서 나타나는 보통 포틀랜드 시멘트의 수화특성에 대해 고찰하였다. 응결시간은 석회석과 고로슬래그를 복합하여 10% 혼합한 경우, 석회석의 혼합량이 증가할수록 Alite의 수화반응을 촉진시켜 종결이 빨라졌다. 재령 3일에서 모르타르의 압축강도는 석회석 5%-고로슬래그 5% 혼합이 가장 컸다. 이러한 이유로는 석회석에 의한 Alite의 수화촉진에 의해 생성된 C-S-H 수화물과 Alite의 수화촉진에 의해 부가적으로 생성된 $Ca(OH)_2$가 일부 고로슬래그와 반응하여 추가적으로 C-S-H 수화물을 생성하였기 때문이다. 재령 7, 28일에서는 석회석 3%-고로슬래그 7%의 복합 혼합이 가장 큰 압축강도를 나타냈다. 이 시기에는 고로슬래그의 수화반응이 활발한 시기로 C-S-H 수화물 생성량은 석회석의 혼합량보다 고로슬래그의 혼합량에 의존한다. 그리고 고로슬래그의 수화반응을 활성화하기 위해서는 $Ca(OH)_2$ 생성량이 증가해야 하므로, Alite의 수화를 활성화 시키는 소량의 석회석이 필요하다. 따라서 재령 7일 이후에는 고로슬래그의 혼합량이 많고 석회석의 혼합량이 적은 것이 보통 포틀랜드 시멘트의 강도발현에 효과적이었다.
In this study, hydration properties of ordinary Portland cement were examined, shown from a limestone and blast furnace slag alone or their mixture up to 10% as a minor mineral additives. As of setting time, it was identified that final setting became faster as the amount of limestone mixture increased, which showed limestone accelerated early hydration faster than blast furnace slag. This is because limestone did accelerate the hydration of alite. At the age of 3 days, limestone 5%-blast furnace slag 5% mixture had the highest compressive strength of mortar. It is because hydration acceleration of alite by limestone, and $Ca(OH)_2$ that was additionally formed by hydration acceleration of alite reacted with blast furnace slag, and as a result, additionally created C-S-H hydrate. Regarding the hydration properties by the age of 7 and 28 days, limestone 3%-blast furnace slag 7% of composited mixture showed the largest compressive strength, and in comparison with the 3 days in curing age. This period is when hydration reaction of blast furnace slag is active and the amount of hydrate depends on the amount of blast furnace slag mixture more than that of the limestone mixture. And in order to vitalize hydration reaction of blast furnace slag the amount of $Ca(OH)_2$ created has to increase, and thus, a small amount of limestone is necessary that can accelerate the hydration of alite. Therefore, after the age of 7 days, the fact that there were a large amount of blast furnace slag mixture and small amount of limestone mixture was effective to the strength development of ordinary Portland cement.
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