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어린이 영양지수로 살펴본 지역아동센터 어린이의 식생활과 영양상태 - 경주지역

Assessment of Nutritional Status of Children in Community Child Center by Nutrition Quotient(NQ) - Gyeongiu -

Abstract

The present study was performed to evaluate food behavior and nutritional status of children in a community child center using nutrition quotient according to age and growth index of children. The number of subjects enrolled in this study was 152 including 73 boys and 79 girls. Participants consisted of children from 5 to 12 years old, who visited a community child center in the area. Growth index was assessed through body mass index by height and weight and examined according to age. Subjects were divided into underweight, normal weight, overweight and obese according to questionnaire, which consisted of five categories including balance, diversity, moderation, regularity and practice, were analyzed by SPSS statistical program. Current results show significant differences in the diversity and regularity (p<0.05, p<0.001, respectively). Additionally, four items in the form of 10 questions showed significant differences related to habits of sodium-related food intake. This study design will be a useful tool in the evaluation of food behavior and nutritional status of preschoolers or elementary school children in community child centers, together with food frequency questionnaires related with sodium food intake.

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핵심어 질문 논문에서 추출한 답변
Team Nutrition
Team Nutrition이란 무엇인가?
미농무성(United States Department of Agriculture; USDA)에서는 지역 사회 어린이의 평생 영양개선 및 신체활동 증진을 목적으로학교 관계자와 지역사회의 파트너 사이의 적극적이고 협조적인 소통을 후원하면서 어린이와 학부모에게 영양교육을 시행하는 ‘Team Nutrition’이라는 식품영양서비스를 적극적으로 진행하고 있다

미국의 경우, 어린이 및 청소년기 영양의 중요성을 인식하고, Critical Need for Pediatric Public Health Nutrition Program, Federal Public Health Nutrition Programs, Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Public Program, Team Nutrition 등의 프로그램 하에 다양한 종류와 특성을 가진 영양사업을 국가적 차원에서 시행하고 있다. 특히 미농무성(United States Department of Agriculture; USDA)에서는 지역 사회 어린이의 평생 영양개선 및 신체활동 증진을 목적으로학교 관계자와 지역사회의 파트너 사이의 적극적이고 협조적인 소통을 후원하면서 어린이와 학부모에게 영양교육을 시행하는 ‘Team Nutrition’이라는 식품영양서비스를 적극적으로 진행하고 있다(Edelstein & Sharlin 2009; Choi et al 2013).

영양사업
미국의 영양사업의 특징은 무엇인가?
저소득층을 목표로 하여 식품이 지원되며, 스스로 실천할 수 있도록 부모에게도 영양교육을 함께 시행

미국의 대부분의 영양사업은 저소득층을 목표로 하여 식품이 지원되며, 스스로 실천할 수 있도록 부모에게도 영양교육을 함께 시행하고 있다.

영양과 건강한 식습관
어린이의 영양과 건강한 식습관이 장래에 중요한 이유는 무엇인가?
유아기에 습득한 바람직한 식생활 태도는 성인이 될때까지 지속되며, 평생의 건강을 마련하는 기틀이 되기 때문

어린이의 경우 만 6∼12세까지는 정신적 발달과 함께 사회성 발달이 시작되며, 지속적인 체위향상이 이루어지면서 제2의 성장발달과 성적 성숙을 준비하는 시기이므로, 이 시기의 영양과 건강한 식습관은 일생을 두고 볼 때 매우 중요하다. 즉, 유아기에 습득한 바람직한 식생활 태도는 성인이 될때까지 지속되며, 평생의 건강을 마련하는 기틀이 되기 때문이다(Koo et al 2011; Edelstein & Sharlin 2009). 2012년 국민건강통계 자료에 따르면 우리나라 만 6∼11세의 7.

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