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읽기장애 유형에 따른 인지능력 특성 연구

The Characteristics of Reading-related Skills in Poor Comprehenders, Poor Readers and Normal Readers in Hangul


지금까지의 읽기장애 연구에서는 문자언어 음독의 정확성과 속도 즉 해독(음독)능력에 어려움을 가진 난독증(dyslexia)을 대상으로 한 연구에 초점이 맞추어져 있었으나 최근의 보고에 따르면 음독능력에는 어려움을 가지지 않음에도 불구하고 특수하게 읽기 이해력만이 저하되는 특정 읽기이해부진아동의 사례가 보고되고 있다. 이에 본 연구에서는 음독능력은 저하되지 않으나 읽기 이해력만이 특수하게 저하되는 읽기이해부진 아동과, 음독능력과 읽기 이해력 모두 저하되는 읽기부진 아동의 특징을 비교검토 하였다. 그 결과 읽기부진아동이 음운인식 과제와 음운 작업기억 과제 모두에서 유의하게 낮은 수행을 보인 반면 특정 읽기이해부진아동 집단의 경우 음운 작업기억의 유의한 저하만이 나타나는 것을 확인할 수 있었다. 본 연구결과를 토대로 읽기 이해력 장애아동의 특성에 대한 시사점을 논하였다.


We assessed reading-related skills in children with reading comprehension difficulties ("Poor comprehenders"), word decoding difficulties ("Poor decoders") and normal readers, matched for age and nonverbal IQ. The reading-related skill tests used in our study are phonological processing, visual processing test, and receptive vocabulary test. The authors argue that children who had difficulty in reading comprehension had lower scores only on the phonological short-term memory test compared with normal readers, although their performance on receptive vocabulary and visual processing tests are comparable to normal readers. The results of our study revealed that poor decoders had lower scores on the phonological processing, visual processing, and receptive vocabulary tests.

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