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논문 상세정보

냉동 딸기의 비가열 전처리 기술 개발 및 최적 냉동조건 수립

Non-thermal Treatment of Postharvest Strawberry and Establishment of Its Optimal Freezing Condition

초록

수출용 냉동딸기 제조 시 미생물학적 안전성 확보를 위한 수단으로 이산화염소수와 acetic acid 병합처리를 최적 비가열 전처리 기술로써 적용하여 -20, -70, $-196^{\circ}C$로 냉동한 후 미생물 수, 품질변화 및 관능평가를 조사하였다. 냉동방법 및 세척 처리에 따른 색도 차이는 나타나지 않았고, 비타민 C 함량은 $-70^{\circ}C$ 냉동에서 35.33 mg/100 g FW로 가장 대조구와 유사하였으며, drip loss도 $-70^{\circ}C$ 냉동이 14.39%로 가장 낮게 나타났다. 관능평가 역시 $-70^{\circ}C$ 냉동이 -20, $-196^{\circ}C$ 냉동보다 높은 점수를 받았으며, 세척처리는 비타민 C 함량, drip loss 및 관능평가에 큰 영향을 끼치지 않는 것으로 나타났다. 또한, 냉동딸기에 50 ppm 이산화염소수와 1% acetic acid를 병합 처리하여 냉동 후 미생물 수 변화를 측정한 결과, 냉동 전과 같이 병합처리 된 딸기 시료에서 미생물이 검출되지 않았다. 따라서 저장성이 높은 수출용 냉동딸기 생산을 위해서는 gas nitrogen convection chamber를 이용한 $-70^{\circ}C$에서의 급속냉동 처리가 보다 효과적인 냉동방법이며, 냉동 처리만으로는 미생물 제어가 어렵기 때문에 냉동 전 비가열 전처리를 통해서 냉동딸기의 미생물학적 안전성을 확보해야 한다고 판단된다.

Abstract

To secure the microbial safety of frozen strawberries, they were treated with the combined solution of aqueous chlorine dioxide and acetic acid prior to freezing and the effects of different freezing methods (at $-20^{\circ}C$ in a freezer, at $-70^{\circ}C$ in a gas nitrogen convection chamber, and at $-196^{\circ}C$ in liquid nitrogen) on the quality changes of strawberries were examined. Regarding the color of frozen strawberries, there were negligible changes among freezing treatments. In contrast, vitamin C content and sensory evaluation scores of strawberries frozen at $-70^{\circ}C$ were the highest among the samples. Drip loss of strawberries frozen at $-70^{\circ}C$ was the lowest as 14.39%, compared with strawberries frozen at -20 and $-196^{\circ}C$. In addition, the effects of combined treatment of 50 ppm chlorine dioxide and 1% acetic acid on the microbial growth in frozen strawberries were investigated, and the populations of preexisting microorganisms in the frozen strawberries were not detected by the combined pre-treatment. These results suggest that rapid freezing at $-70^{\circ}C$ using a gas nitrogen convection chamber is an appropriate freezing method for preserving quality of strawberries, and as a pre-freezing treatment, the combined treatment of aqueous chlorine dioxide and acetic acid can be effective for improving microbiological safety of frozen strawberries.

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