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과학 수업에서 스마트 기기를 활용한 개념 적응적 개별화 학습의 효과

The Effects of Individualized Learning Adapted to Students' Conceptions Using Smart Devices in Science Instruction


이 연구에서는 스마트 기기를 활용한 개념 적응적 개별화 학습의 효과를 개념 이해도, 개념 파지, 학업 성취도, 학습 동기, 과학 수업에 대한 즐거움, 스마트 기기를 활용한 수업에 대한 인식 측면에서 조사하였다. 서울시의 한 남녀 공학 중학교 1학년 4개 학급을 통제 집단과 처치 집단으로 배치하고, 7차시 동안 '분자의 운동'에 대하여 수업을 실시하였다. 이원 공변량 분석 결과, 처치 집단의 개념 검사, 개념 파지검사, 학습 동기 검사, 과학 수업에 대한 즐거움 검사의 점수가 통제집단에 비하여 유의미하게 높았다. 학업 성취도 검사에서는 처치 집단의 점수가 통제 집단보다 높았으나, 그 차이가 통계적으로 유의미하지 않았다. 스마트 기기를 활용한 수업에 대한 학생들의 인식도 긍정적인 것으로 나타났다.


In this study, we investigated the effects of individualized learning adapted to students' conceptions using smart devices in science instruction upon students' conceptual understanding, the retention of conception, achievement, learning motivation, enjoyment of science lessons, and perception about individualized learning using smart devices. Four seventh-grade classes at a coed middle school in Seoul were assigned to a control group and a treatment group. Students were taught about molecular motions for seven class periods. Two-way ANCOVA results revealed that the scores of a conception test, the retention of the conception test, a learning motivation test, and an enjoyment of science lessons test for the treatment group were significantly higher than those for the control group. Although the score of the treatment group was higher than that of the control group in the achievement test, the difference was not statistically significant. Students' perceptions about individualized learning using smart devices were also found to be positive.

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