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논문 상세정보

오메가-3 지방산 함유 복분자종자유에 의한 고지방식이 유도 고지혈증 마우스의 혈중 중성지방 및 콜레스테롤 감소 효과

Reduction of Plasma Triglycerides and Cholesterol in High Fat Diet-Induced Hyper-Lipidemic Mice by n-3 Fatty Acid from Bokbunja (Rubus coreanus Miquel) Seed Oil

초록

본 실험의 복분자종자유는 리놀렌산 238.3 mg/g, 리놀레산과 감마리놀렌산 427.1 mg/g을 포함하며 이는 고시된 범위내의 섭취량이므로 독성시험 없이 4주 동안 매일 경구 투여로 암컷과 수컷 쥐 모두에게 섭취하도록 하였다. 또한 성인 정상체중을 약 60 kg으로 설정하고 60 kg의 성인이 하루 1 g, 2 g을 각각 섭취할 때의 혈중 지방의 감소 효과를 알아보기 위해 급이군의 설정을 1 g/60 kg BW/d(BSO 1 g), 2 g/60 kg BW/d(BSO 2 g)로 정하였다. 양성대조군의 경우에 판매되는 연어유 1,000 mg 캡슐을 2정 섭취하는 것을 권장하였고, 이에 맞추어 2 g/60 kg BW/d로 설정하게 되었다. 실험기간 종료 후 마우스를 희생시켜 혈액을 얻었으며, 복분자종자유(BSO 2 g)를 섭취한 마우스에서 총콜레스테롤 및 HDL, LDL/VLDL-콜레스테롤과 혈중 중성지방이 유의적으로 감소하는 것을 확인할 수 있었다(P<0.05). 이를 종합해 보았을 때 복분자종자유는 고지혈증 상태를 개선하고 미약하지만 항응고 활성을 통해 혈액의 항상성을 유지하도록 돕는 작용을 한다고 할 수 있다. 따라서 앞으로 동물 유래가 아닌 식물유래 복분자종자유를 이용한다면 고지혈증 개선 효과와 혈액 항응고 활성을 조절할 수 있을 것이며, 더욱 다양한 표적 인자 분석을 통하여 복분자종자유의 고지혈, 항응고 및 혈행개선 기전연구가 가능할 것이라 판단된다.

Abstract

To investigate the effect of n-3 fatty acid from Bokbunja (Rubus coreanus Miq.) seed oil (BSO), we examined improvement of plasma triglycerides and cholesterol in vivo. Five-week-old ICR mice were divided into five groups of six mice each; Control, high fat diet (HFD) control (negative control), salmon oil control (positive control, HFD+commercial n-3 fatty acid), and BSO experimental groups (HFD+1 g/60 kg BW/d, HFD+2 g/60 kg BW/d). After 4 weeks of BSO treatment, we measured serum triglyceride and cholesterol levels. The levels of low-density lipoprotein/very-low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, and total cholesterol were significantly (P<0.05) reduced in the group fed BSO at 2 g/60 kg BW/d compared to the negative control. Levels of triglycerides, which are similar to cholesterol, were also significantly (P<0.05) reduced in the same group. To investigate further, we tested blood coagulation parameters. Prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) were not significantly different among the five groups according to BSO. However, the 2 g/60 kg BW/d BSO group treated with PT and aPTT showed a tendency to live longer than the negative control. Taken together, BSO might improve blood homeostasis mediated via hypo-lipidemic and anti-coagulation activities.

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