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의료기관인증제 도입에 따른 환자안전과 의료의 질이 병원경영활동에 미치는 복합영향

Complex impact of Patient Safety and Medical Quality on Hospital Management Activities due to Healthcare Accreditation Adoption

초록

본 연구는 의료기관인증제도 도입에 따른 환자안전과 의료서비스의 질이 병원경영활동에 미치는 복합영향을 확인하고 조직문화의 매개효과를 파악하고자 하였다. 이를 위해, 2014년 6월말까지 의료기관인증을 획득한 대구 경북지역에 위치하는 300병상 미만과 300병상 이상, 6개 의료기관 종사자를 대상으로 2014년 9월 22일부터 4주간 설문조사 하였다. 해당 병원에서 1년 이상 근무한 377명을 연구대상으로 하였다. 연구결과, 300병상 미만 중소병원과 300병상 이상 병원 및 종합병원 모두, 환자안전과 의료의 질, 조직문화와 병원경영활동은 변수 간 정(+)의 상관관계가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 환자안전과 의료의 질, 병원경영활동 사이에 조직문화가 부분 매개효과가 있는 것으로 나타났으며 인과효과가 높았다. 따라서 의료기관인증제도 도입에 따른 환자안전과 의료의 질 향상 활동은 병원경영활동을 증진시키는데 효과가 있다 여겨진다.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to confirm the complex relationship between patient safety-medical quality and hospital management activities to observe the mediating effect of organizational culture in the relationship due to healthcare accreditation adoption. For this, we conducted a 4 weeks survey, from September 22, 2014 to October 17, 2014 to the employees of 6 hospitals that could accommodate less than 300 patients or more than 300 patients located in Daegu and Gyeongbuk. The study includes 377 participants who have worked for more than one year in the hospital. All of hospital with less than 300-beds or more than 300-beds, such as patient safety-medical quality, organizational culture, hospital management activities found a positive correlation among variables. The mediating effect of organizational culture in the relationship between patient safety-medical quality and hospital management activities was shown by the partial mediating effect and high causal effect. Therefore, these study suggest that patient safety-medical quality due to healthcare accreditation adoption has the potential to improve hospital management activities.

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