본 연구는 가구구성 및 주택점유형태에 따른 노인가구의 주거비 부담능력을 살펴보고자 하였다. 이를 위해서 국토해양부에서 실시한 2010년도 주거실태조사의 자료를 바탕으로 총 6,780개의 노인가구를 대상으로 분석하였다. 분석결과를 요약하면 모든 노인가구들은 소득이 낮을수록, 거주기간이 짧을수록, 서울지역에 거주할수록, 주거사용면적이 넓을수록 주거비 부담이 높은 범위에 속할 확률이 높아졌는데 거주지역 변수의 영향이 가장 큰 것으로 나타났다. 독거노인가구의 경우 자가독거노인가구는 여성가구주일수록, 임차독거노인가구는 남성가구주일수록 주거비 부담이 높은 범위에 속할 가능성이 높아졌다. 그리고 모든 유형의 임차노인가구는 재정부담이 커질수록 주거비 부담이 높은 범위에 속할 확률이 높아지는 것으로 나타났다. 노인가구의 일반적인 특성 뿐 아니라 실질적인 경제상황 등을 고려하여 고령사회로 진입하는 단계에 있는 노인가구의 주거안정을 도모할 수 있도록 해야 할 것이다.
The purpose of this study is to find the housing affordability of elderly household according to household types and housing tenure and to contribute to desirable elderly housing policies. The data from the 2010 Korea Housing Survey was used for the analysis of this study and the final sample included 6,780 elderly households. The results of this study are summarized as follows; It was found that all kinds of elderly household for housing affordability were affected by income, residence period, housing location and size of house. And housing location was a highly influential factor. Besides, female elderly house-owners and male elderly renters living alone were likely to have higher housing cost burden. And if elderly renters households suffer more financial burden, they had have higher housing cost burden. It is implies that desirable elderly housing polices by government need to consider elderly househod's diverse characteristics in aged society.
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