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비파 부위별 분말의 영양성분 비교

A Comparison of Nutritional Components of Loquat (Eriobotrya japonicaLindl.) Powder in Different Aerial Components


This study compares the major nutritional components of the leaf, flesh, and seed of dry loquat (Eriobotrya japonicaLindl.). Among proximate compositions, the crude fat, crude ash, and dietary fiber of the leaf exceeded those of the seed and flesh, whereas the carbohydrate content of the leaf was lower than that of the seed and flesh. The main component of free sugars in the leaf, flesh, and seed was fructose. Total amino acids of the leaf, flesh, and seed were 552.43, 63.00, and 260.29 mg%, respectively. Although the amino acid composition of the leaf, flesh, and seed varied, glutamic acid and ${\gamma}$-aminobutyric acid were the major amino acids in the leaf, flesh, and seed. Major fatty acids of total lipid were oleic acid and stearic acid in the leaf and seed, and the major acid was linoleic acid in the flesh. Major organic acids were oxalic acid in the leaf, maleic acid in the flesh, and citric acid in the seed. Vitamin C content was higher in the seed than in the leaf and flesh.

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