Objectives: The purpose of this study is to identify the trends of jjok-bang research based on the perspective of Community-Based Participatory Research and Social Ecological Model and to provide information for future public health interventions, policy designs, and policy implementations. Methods: Studies used in the systematic review are published from 1999 to 2014 and searched using key words such as 'jjok-bang' and 'single room occupancy' using domestic and international electronic databases. However, there were no studies from abroad published during this period. Search in domestic databases such as KCI, KISS, RISS generated 119 studies. In this paper, 20 cases which meet the criteria of the systematic review were included in the final analysis. Results: The contents of research included are the life of jjok-bang inhabitants(9 cases), the demand for welfare services(4 cases) and welfare need(2 cases), mental health(1 cases), and the history of jjok-bang formation(4 cases). Fourteen cases of empirical study were analyzed focusing Community-Based Participatory Research and Social Ecological Model. Some of research was carried out forming a partnership with various community partners and this trend increased since 2008. There are high frequency of intrapersonal level and interpersonal level studies. However, studies looking at the organization, community or policy level were relatively few. Conclusions: Future studies of jjok-bang area should consider the various social determinants which affect the health delivery system, community organization and policies, as well as individual or community level.
지역사회기반 참여연구에서 커뮤니티는 특정지역이라는 개념보다는 사회적 상호작용을 통해 비슷한 정체성이나 공통점을 지닌 공동체를 지칭한다(Minkler & Wallerstein, 2011).
지역사회기반 참여연구(Community-Based Participatory Research, CBPR)는 지역사회 건강 수준을 증진시키거나 건강에 대한 사회적 불평등을 줄이는 것에 초점을 두는 연구 접근 방법이다(Israel, Schulz, Parker, & Becker, 1988). 지역사회기반 참여연구에서 커뮤니티는 특정지역이라는 개념보다는 사회적 상호작용을 통해 비슷한 정체성이나 공통점을 지닌 공동체를 지칭한다(Minkler & Wallerstein, 2011). 지역사회에서 문제가 되는 건강불평등에 대해 공동체 성원들이 참여하는 중재전략을 통해 해결책을 모색하고 이 과정에서 지역사회 전체 역량을 높여 미래에는 지역주민들의 자체적인 대응능력을 마련하고자 하는 것이다.
지역사회기반 참여연구(Community-Based Participatory Research, CBPR)는 지역사회 건강 수준을 증진시키거나 건강에 대한 사회적 불평등을 줄이는 것에 초점을 두는 연구 접근 방법이다(Israel, Schulz, Parker, & Becker, 1988).
지역사회기반 참여연구(Community-Based Participatory Research, CBPR)는 지역사회 건강 수준을 증진시키거나 건강에 대한 사회적 불평등을 줄이는 것에 초점을 두는 연구 접근 방법이다(Israel, Schulz, Parker, & Becker, 1988). 지역사회기반 참여연구에서 커뮤니티는 특정지역이라는 개념보다는 사회적 상호작용을 통해 비슷한 정체성이나 공통점을 지닌 공동체를 지칭한다(Minkler & Wallerstein, 2011).
1960년대 이후 경제개발정책의 도시화와 산업화는 지역 간의 격차를 심화시키면서 인구의 도시집중 현상을 초래하였고(Kim & Jo, 2010), 도시의 수용력이 한계에 달함에 따라 도심주변의 달동네, 판자촌과 같은 빈민주거지역이 형성되었다.
1960년대 이후 경제개발정책의 도시화와 산업화는 지역 간의 격차를 심화시키면서 인구의 도시집중 현상을 초래하였고(Kim & Jo, 2010), 도시의 수용력이 한계에 달함에 따라 도심주변의 달동네, 판자촌과 같은 빈민주거지역이 형성되었다. 이러한 집단적 불안정 주거지는 1980년대 도시 재개발과 함께 해체되어 가시적으로 도시빈민 문제가 완화된 것처럼 보였지만, 실상은 쪽방과 같은 새로운 빈민주거지역 등장의 계기가 되었다(Lee, 2006).
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지역사회기반 참여와 사회생태적 관점에서 본 국내 쪽방지역 주민의 건강증진 역량강화 방안
保健敎育健康增進學會誌 = Korean journal of health education and promotion
, 2015년, pp.79 - 92
(고려대학교 대학원 보건과학과 BK21PLUS 인간생명-사회환경 상호작용 융합사업단 )
( 고려대학교 대학원 보건과학과 BK21PLUS 인간생명-사회환경 상호작용 융합사업단 )
( 고려대학교 대학원 보건과학과 BK21PLUS 인간생명-사회환경 상호작용 융합사업단)