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논문 상세정보

육계에서 가시오갈피 급여에 따른 생산성, 혈액 생화학적 성상 및 면역 사이토카인 발현에 미치는 영향

Effect of Supplementation of Acanthopanax senticosus on Growth Performance, Blood Biochemical Profiles and Expression of Pro-Inflammatory Cytokines in Broiler Chicks

초록

본 연구는 천연항산화 생리활성 소재로서 가시오갈피를 육계에게 0(CON), 0.5(AS1) 및 1.0%(AS2) 수준으로 급여하여 생산성, 면역장기 무게, 혈액 생화학적 성상 및 친염증 사이토카인 mRNA 발현에 미치는 영향을 조사하였다. 전 사육기간에서 가시오갈피 급여에 따른 체중, 증체 및 사료섭취량은 유의적 차이를 보이지 않았으나, AS2구에서 사료요구율이 유의적으로(p<0.05) 저하되었다. 면역장기 무게를 관찰한 결과, 간, 비장, F-낭 및 흉선 무게는 가시오갈피 급여에 따른 영향이 없었다. 혈액 생화학적 성분에서 albumin, total protein, cholesterol, AST, ALT 등과 같은 대부분의 성분은 대조구와 처리구간 차이는 없었다. 그러나 triglycerides는 대조구에 비해 AS2구에서 현저히(p<0.05) 높았고, glucose 수준은 대조구에 비해 가시오갈피 급여구에서 현저히(p<0.05) 증가되었다. 친염증 사이토카인 mRNA 발현을 조사한 결과, 가시오갈피 급여에 따라 백혈구의 IFN-${\gamma}$ mRNA 발현이 현저히(p<0.05) 감소되었으며, IL1-${\beta}$, IL-6, TNF-${\alpha}$, iNOS 등은 유의적 차이는 없었지만, 감소되는 경향이 있었다. 비장에서 친염증 사이토카인 발현은 유의적 차이가 없었다. 간 조직에서는 0.5% 가시오갈피 급여에 따라 iNOS mRNA 발현이 유의적으로(p<0.05) 감소하였지만, 다른 친염증 사이토카인 발현은 유의적 차이는 없었다. 따라서 육계 생산성 및 친염증 사이토카인 발현에 미치는 영향 등을 고려할 경우, 0.5% 수준의 가시오갈피 급여가 가장 바람직한 것으로 판단된다.

Abstract

This study was performed to examine the effects of dietary Acanthopanax senticosus (AS) on growth performance, immune organ weights, blood biochemical parameters and the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in broiler chicks. A total of 120 4-day-old birds were given a basal diet (CON) or a basal diet supplemented with 0.5% (AS1) or 1.0% (AS2) AS powder until the birds were 35 days of age. There was no difference in body weight, total gain, feed intake or immune organ weights among the treatment groups. However, the feed conversion ratio in the AS2 group was lower (p<0.05) than that in the CON group. Serum biochemical components, including AST (aspartate aminotransferase), ALT (alanine aminotransferase), albumin and total protein, were not affected by the dietary treatments, whereas glucose and triglyceride levels increased (p<0.05) in the AS2 group compared with the CON group. The AS1 group exhibited decreased mRNA expression (p<0.05) of IFN-${\gamma}$ in white blood cells and iNOS in the liver compared with the CON group. The other pro-inflammatory cytokines were unaffected by dietary AS supplementation, although there was a trend towards decreased expression of these genes, including those encoding Il-$1{\beta}$, IL-6 and TNF-${\alpha}$. In conclusion, dietary supplementation with 0.5% AS decreased the expression of several pro-inflammatory cytokines without affecting growth performance, suggesting that this supplement might be applicable as an immunoregulatory feed additive in broiler chicks.

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