본 연구는 연잎 추출물의 미백 화장품 첨가물로서 사용이 가능한지를 연구하였다. 연잎 추출물의 항산화 활성을 측정하게 위해 전자공여능 측정, xanthine oxidase 억제 효과 실험을 실시하였고, 미백활성을 알아보기 위하여 tyrosinase 저해활성을 측정하여 1,000 μg/ml의 농도에서 42.7%의 효과를 나타내었다. 또한 연잎 추출물에 대한 세포생존율을 MTT assay로 측정한 결과 1,000 μg/ml 농도에서 81.61%를 이상의 세포생존율을 확인할 수 있었다. 미백 관련 인자인 MITF, TRP-1, TRP-2 및 tyrosinase의 단백질 발현과 mRNA 발현 억제를 25, 50, 100 μg/ml 농도에서 측정하였다. MITF, TRP-1, TRP-2 및 tyrosinase의 단백질 발현은 100 μg/ml 농도에서 각각 69.6%, 27.7%, 67.3%, 67.8%의 저해 효과를 나타내었고, MITF, TRP-1, TRP-2 및 tyrosinase의 mRNA발현은 100 μg/ml 농도에서 각각 67.5%, 71.4%, 85.7%, 83.6%의 억제를 나타내었다. 이러한 연구결과를 보았을 때, 연잎 추출물이 항산화 및 미백활성에 효과를 나타내었고, 화장품 첨가물로서의 가능성을 확인할 수 있었다.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential of Nelumbo nucifera G. leaf (NNL) extract as a cosmetic additive. The electron-donating ability of the NNL extract at a concentration of 1,000 μg/ml was 67.83%. In xanthine oxidase, the inhibition effect of the NNL extract was 92.7% at the same concentration. For whitening effects, tyrosinase inhibition effect of NNL extract was 42.7% at a 1,000 μg/ml concentration. The cell toxicity of the NNL extract was examined in melanoma cells (B16F10) using a 3-[4, 5–dimethyl–thiazol–2–yl]-2, 5-diphenyl-tetrazoliumbromide (MTT) assay. The cell toxicity assay revealed that the NNL extract had a toxicity of 81.61% at a concentration of 1,000 μg/ml The microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF), tyrosinase related protein-1 (TRP-1), tyrosinase related protein-2 (TRP-2), and tyrosinase protein expression inhibitory effect by Western blot of NNL extract were measured by a Western blot at concentrations of 25, 50, and 100 μg/ml. At a 100 μg/ml concentration of the NNL extract, the expression of the MITF, TRP-1, TRP-2, and tyrosinase protein was decreased by 69.59%, 27.74%, 67.33%, and 67.78% respectively. The MITF, TRP-1, TRP-2 and tyrosinase mRNA expression inhibitory effect were measured by reverse transcription- polymerase chain reaction (PCR) at concentrations of 25, 50, and 100 μg/ml. GAPDH was used as a positive control. At a concentration of 100 μg/ml of the NNL extract, the expression of MITF, TRP-1, TRP-2, and tyrosinase mRNA was decreased by 67.51%, 71.36%, 85.74%, and 83.64%, respectively. These findings suggest that the NNL extract has antioxidant and whitening effects and that it has great potential as a cosmetic ingredient.
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