본 연구의 목적은 12주간 복합운동이 비만 여대생의 신체조성 및 기초체력 향상에 미치는 영향을 규명하는데 있다. 본 연구의 취지를 충분히 설명하고 자발적 참여의 동의서를 작성한 D대학교의 여대생 12명이었으며, 과거병력과 현재 특별한 질환이 없고, 규칙적인 운동경험이 없는 자들로 구성하였다. 이들은 실험 전 신체조성검사 및 기초체력검사인 좌 우악력, 배근력, 유연성, 순발력, 근지구력을 측정하고, 12주간 복합운동 실시 후 평균 표준편차를 산출하기 위하여 기술통계를 실시하였으며, 실험 전, 후 차이 검증은 paired t-test를 이용하여 분석하였다. 통계적 유의수준은 p<.05로 설정하여 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. 12주간 복합트레이닝 운동집단에서 참여 후 체중, 골격근, 체지방량 및 좌 우악력 및 배근력, 순발력은 통계적으로 유의(p.<05)한 감소와 증가를 보였고, 유연성은 약간의 증가를 보였으나 통계적으로 유의한 수준의 변화를 보이지 않았으며, 통제집단은 유의한 변화가 없었다. 이상을 종합해 보면 12주간 복합운동은 여대생의 근육을 증가시켜 기초대사량이 증가하여 체중 및 체지방을 감소시켜 건강관련 기초체력 향상에 의미 있는 운동프로그램이 될 수 있을 것이라고 사료된다.
The purpose of this study is to analyse the effect of 12-weeks of combined training on body composition and basic physical strength of obese female college students. The research object was composed of 12 obese female college students of D University, who learned the purpose of this research enough and wrote the consent form of voluntary participation, who have no medical history and currently no special disease, and no experience in regular exercise. They underwent body composition inspection, left right grasping power which is the basic physical strength, back muscle strength, flexibility, rapidity, muscle endurance, and the researcher performed descriptive statistics to calculate the average standard deviation, and analyzed to verify difference between groups by using paired t-test. With statistical significance level p<.05, the results are as follows. Obese female college students showed meaningful differences in weight, skeletal muscles, body fat volume and left right grasping power, back muscle strength, rapidity(p.05).
체중 (kg), 체지방량(kg body fat), 근육량(muscle mass) 등을 측정
신체조성 측정은 테스트 4시간 전에 음식섭취와 12시간 전에는 운동을 금하였으며, 테스트 30분전에는 화장실에서 소변을 보게 하였다. 측정 시 피검자는 생체 전기저항에 방해가 되는 금속 물품을 제거한 후 준비된 반 T셔츠와 반바지를 입고 생체전기 임피던스 방법에 의한 Bio-Space(Korea)사의 Salus 장비를 이용하여 체중 (kg), 체지방량(kg body fat), 근육량(muscle mass) 등을 측정하였다.
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