This paper presents a high efficient generator with PM(Permanent Magnet) exciter. The proposed PM exciter for the generator can produce a linear output voltage according to the engine speed. This output voltage is directly used to control the field current of the generator to adjust the generator output voltage. In the proposed generator system, since the field winding current can be supplied by the PM exciter, the generator can self-start without any battery or an external power supply due to the low residential flux. Furthermore, the operating efficiency of the generator is higher than a conventional winding exciter. The main problem of the proposed generator system, the field winding current controller has to be embedded inside the generator, and it rotates according to the generator shaft. In this paper, the proper embedded current controller is designed for the proposed generator system. Due to the embedded controller cannot be connected to the outside the generator controller, the measured instantaneous output voltage of the generator is transferred by the photo isolated communication using shaft aligned infrared transmitter and receiver to keep the constant generator output voltage. In this paper, 10kW, 380V engine generator with PM exciter and the embedded DAVR(Digital Automatic Voltage Regulator) are described. The proposed high efficiency generator is simulated and tested to verify the effectiveness.
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