치아시드는 오메가-3 지방산 및 식이섬유가 풍부한 식품이며 물에 넣었을 때 투명한 막을 형성하는 특성이 있다. 본 연구에서는 치아시드의 성질이 설기떡 제품이 미치는 영향을 알아보기 위하여 치아시드 분말의 첨가량을 달리하여 설기떡을 제조하고 품질 특성 및 항산화 활성을 검토하였다. 치아시드의 첨가는 수분함량에 영향을 주지 않았으며, pH는 치아시드 첨가군이 대조군보다 감소하는 경향을 보였다. 색도 측정 결과 치아시드 분말 첨가량에 따라 L값은 감소하고 a, b값은 증가하여
Chia seed (Salvia hispanica L.) originated from Central America is a highly nutritious food containing large amounts of linolenic acid, dietary fiber, and protein. This study investigated the quality properties and antioxidant activities of Sulgidduk prepared with chia seed powder as a functional material. Freeze-dried chia seed powder was replaced with 0, 1, 3, 5, and 7% of rice flour. The addition of chia seed powder did not affect water content, whereas the pH value of the chia seed group decreased as compared to the control. For color measurements, a and b values increased as the amount of chia seed powder increased, whereas L value decreased. Hardness and chewiness of Sulgidduk with chia seed powder were lower than those of the control, whereas springiness of the chia seed group was higher than that of the control. Cohesiveness was not significantly different in all samples. According to retrogradation analysis based on changes in hardness during storage, it was confirmed that addition of chia seed powder inhibited aging of Sulgidduk. Retrogradation of CSP5 was the slowest. Consumer acceptability analysis did not show significant differences in all samples. Total polyphenol and flavonoid contents tended to significantly increase as chia seed content increased. DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities of Sulgidduk were also elevated due to addition of chia seeds. From the results, addition of chia seed softened texture, inhibited aging, and enhanced antioxidant activities of Sulgidduk. It is concluded that addition of 5% chia seed powder, which showed high effectiveness for aging, is the most suitable for commercialization.
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