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"" 따옴표 내의 구문과 완전히 일치하는 문서만 검색 예) "Transform and Quantization"

논문 상세정보

Abstract

Evaluating the performance of R&D Activity is complicated because it is hard to quantify the R&D results unlike the traditional manufacturing or service industries. Recently, to overcome this, process-focused evaluation methods applying the philosophy of quality into R&D environment have been introduced. However, these quality activities are mainly conducted without feedback system after the evaluation work is done. The aim of this study is to present a R&D quality diagnosis framework to obtain the improvement opportunities from R&D process perspective. The research is designed as follows : First, R&D standard process and R&D quality elements are derived from a literature review. Second, the diagnosis objects are obtained by investigating the R&D quality elements at each R&D steps. Third, a two-dimensional diagnosis model, which enables the objective measurement of the 'system compatibility' and 'accomplish level', is presented. The proposed method can provide an effective way to find opportunities for efficient quality improvement of R&D process.

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핵심어 질문 논문에서 추출한 답변
R&D 품질요소
R&D 품질요소란 무엇인가?
R&D 수행 과정의 다양한 활동 중 R&D 성과물의 품질에 영향을 미치는 활동

R&D 품질요소는 R&D 수행 과정의 다양한 활동 중 R&D 성과물의 품질에 영향을 미치는 활동으로 정의할 수 있다(Jayawarna and Pearson, 2001). 1990년대 미국에서 연방자금을 지원받는 R&D에 대한 품질보증 요구가 시작됨에 따라(Roberts, 1996), 많은 연구기관과 연구자들에 의해 R&D 품질보증의 요소와 보증 절차에 대한 연구가 수행되기 시작하였다.

R&D를 통한 기술혁신
R&D를 통한 기술혁신은 어떤 역할을 하는가?
국가의 성장 및 기업의 경쟁력 제고에 중요한 역할

R&D를 통한 기술혁신은 국가의 성장 및 기업의 경쟁력 제고에 중요한 역할을 하는 것으로 알려져 있으며(Salomo et al.,2007), 세계 경기 침체에도 불구하고 실제로 많은 국가에서 지속가능한 성장동력을 확보하기 위해 R&D에 대한 투자를 지속적으로 확대하고 있다(MSIP, 2016a).

국내외 대표적인 R&D 조직들의 품질보증시스템의 유형
국내외 대표적인 R&D 조직들의 품질보증시스템의 유형 중 ‘연구품질요소’와 ‘R&D 표준 프로세스’는 무엇을 의미하는가?
‘연구품질요소’는 연구개발 품질보증을 위해 고려해야할 세부 활동들을 의미하며, ‘R&D 표준 프로세스’는 연구개발 과정을 몇 개의 세부 단계로 구분하고 각 단계에서 수행해야 할 업무를 정립하는 것이다

(2013)은 국내외 대표적인 R&D 조직들의 품질보증시스템의 유형을 분석한 결과, ‘연구품질요소 중점적 관리’,‘R&D 표준 프로세스 수립 및 실행’, ‘R&D 종료 단계에서의 품질수준 평가’ 로 각기 다른 3가지 유형이 존재함을 밝혔다. 자세히 살펴보면 ‘연구품질요소’는 연구개발 품질보증을 위해 고려해야할 세부 활동들을 의미하며, ‘R&D 표준 프로세스’는 연구개발 과정을 몇 개의 세부 단계로 구분하고 각 단계에서 수행해야 할 업무를 정립하는 것이다. ‘연구품질요소’와 ‘R&D 표준 프로세스’ 유형은 서로 다른 방법으로 연구개발 품질보증에 접근하고 있다.

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