Premix frying powders were prepared by supplementation with 0%, 3%, 6%, 9%, or 12% egg white powder. The following quality characteristics of the fried batter were assessed: proximate composition and amino acid content of premix frying powder; viscosity and pick-up ratio of frying batter; moisture content, lipid content, color, texture and DPPH radical scavenging activity; and sensory evaluation items. Addition of egg white powder in place of wheat flour resulted in lower moisture content (p<0.01) and lower carbohydrate content (p<0.001), higher crude protein content (p<0.001), higher ash protein content (p<0.001), and higher amino acid content (p<0.01) in the premix frying powder. Lower viscosity and higher pick-up ratio (p<0.001) of the frying batter were observed. The resultant fritters had the higher moisture content and higher lipid content (p<0.001). They also showed the lighter color, and had lesser redness and yellowness (p<0.001). Considering texture, the fritters were harder, had higher fracturability and higher adhesiveness (p<0.001), lower springiness (p<0.001), were less chewy (p<0.01), and had lower cohesiveness (p<0.001). Examination of DPPH radical scavenging activity showed higher antioxidant activity (p<0.001) upon addition of egg white powder. Sensory evaluation of the fried batters showed the best outcomes for the group containing 6% white egg powder, in terms of appearance (p<0.05), flavor (p<0.001), taste (p<0.01), texture (p<0.01), and overall quality (p<0.001). Based on the results of this research, we postulate that the addition of 6% egg white powder to premix frying powder will not only improve customer preference and product quality but also enhance the nutrition and functionality of the product.
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