Aspergilloma of the maxillary sinus is considered rare in immunocompetent patients, but a considerable increase has recently been seen in the incidence of reported cases. Dental procedures involving the antral region are thought to predispose individuals to this form of aspergillosis. Because aspergilloma shares similar clinical features with other sinus pathologies, its diagnosis may be delayed. Thus, an early diagnosis confirmed by a histopathological examination plays a crucial role in the adequate management of aspergilloma. This article provides a concise review of the reported cases of aspergilloma associated with dental procedures and reports 2 new cases of aspergilloma in middle-aged female patients, with a presentation of their cone-beam computed tomographic findings.
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