Differences in in vivo virulence and in sensitivity to drugs among different isolates of Miamiensis avidus were analyzed. The isolate III showed the highest resistance against the scuticocidal activity of olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) serum, and induced the highest mortalities of olive flounder fingerlings. The isolate II showed significantly higher serum resistance than the isolate I, but in vivo virulence of isolate II was not significantly different from that of isolate I. The secreted proteinases activity of isolate III was significantly higher than that of isolate I and II, and the activity was significantly reduced by the addition of E-64, a cysteine proteinases inhibitor. There were no differences among isolates in the sensitivity to doxycycline, however, there were significant differences in sensitivities to mebendazole and bithionol. These results suggest that the different characteristics of different M. avidus isolates should be taken into consideration for the development of control measures against scuticociliatosis.
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