Purpose: The purpose of this study is to propose a method to calculate the optimal preventive maintenance cycle of radar used in the aviation weapon system of ROKAF. Methods: A hybrid model is used to estimate the optimal preventive maintenance cycle in a system that can perform condition based predictive maintenance (CBPM) through continuous diagnosis. The failure data of the radars operating in the military were used to calculate the reliability. Results: According to the research results, the reliability threshold of the radar began to decrease after 5 flights, and decreased rapidly after 12 flights. Since the second check, costs have continued to decline. Conclusion: A method is proposed to determine the cycle of optimal preventive maintenance of radar within operational budget through modeling results between reliability limit and cost for radar. The results can be used to determine the optimal preventive maintenance cycle and frequency of various avionics equipment.
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