Although deep learning methods of convolutional neural networks (CNNs) and long-/short-term memory (LSTM) are widely used for text categorization, they still have certain shortcomings. CNNs require that the text retain some order, that the pooling lengths be identical, and that collateral analysis is impossible; In case of LSTM, it requires the unidirectional operation and the inputs/outputs are very complex. Against these problems, we thus improved these traditional deep learning methods in the following ways: We created collateral CNNs accepting disorder and variable-length pooling, and we removed the input/output gates when creating bidirectional LSTMs. We have used four benchmark datasets for topic and sentiment classification using the new methods that we propose. The best results were obtained by combining LTSM regional embeddings with data convolution. Our method is better than all previous methods (including deep learning methods) in terms of topic and sentiment classification.
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