Sense of community and length of residence are important variables influencing community participation. The study aims to identify the factors influencing community participation on sense of community. Particularly, the study examine the moderating effects on the length of residency between sense of community and community participation. Data were collected from 130 usable questionnaires among residents of rural villages. Results of a factor analysis yielded three dimensions of sense of community which are solidarity, belonging, and emotional intimacy. Results show that all of factors among three dimensions of sense of community have significance for community participation. And length of residency has a positive effects as a moderator between community capacity and community satisfaction. Results also indicated that length of residence has an negative interactional effects with moderator. It means that even though higher belonging, less community participation if people live in longer their community. It was suggested that sense of community and length of residency should be considered in rural community development policy.
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