Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of health literacy and unmet health care needs on health promotion behaviors among elderly people receiving visiting health care services at community health centers. Methods: The subjects of this study were 180 elderly people over 65 years old who were receiving health care services at public health center The subjects fully understood the purpose of this study and voluntarily agreed to participate. The collected data were analyzed by frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheffé test and Hierarchical Regression Analysis using the SPSS 23.0 program. Results: Hierarchical regression analysis was used to identify factors influencing health promotion behaviors of the subjects. The results were as follows: presence of occupation (β=.26, p<.001), social activity status (β=.26, p=.001), and health literacy (β=.16, p=.023). Conclusion: Therefore, in order to improve health promotion behaviors, it is necessary for visiting nurses to administer health education and programs by considering the level of health care understanding.
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