소재·부품·장비 산업은 제조업의 허리이자 경쟁력의 핵심 요소가 되고 있다. 그러나 우리나라의 경우 핵심 소재·부품·장비를 해외에 의존하다 보니 산업경쟁력뿐만 아니라 안보적 측면에서도 커다란 위험 상황에 처하게 되었다. 본 연구는 먼저 소재·부품·장비 산업의 개요와 현주소를 살펴보고 그 문제점과 개선점을 파악하고 우리나라 소재·부품·장비의 국산화를 위한 그동안의 노력과 실적을 살펴보았다. 또한, 정부의 소재·부품·장비 산업에 대한 제도적인 차원이나 생태계적인 차원에서 그 개선방안을 살펴본 후 지역 소재·부품·장비의 국산화의 현황과 실태를 조사해보고 이에 따른 문제점과 개선점을 분석해 보았다. 마지막으로 본 연구는 지역 부품·소재 국산화를 위한 기술개발방안 및 사업화와 관련한 다양한 제도개선방안을 제시하였다.
The materials, parts, and equipment industries are the backbone of the manufacturing industry and a key element of competitiveness. However, in the case of Korea, as it relies on foreign countries for core materials, parts, and equipment, it is in danger of not only industrial competitiveness, but also security. This study first looked at the outline and current address of the materials, parts, and equipment industries, identified problems and improvements, and examined the efforts and achievements so far for the localization of materials, parts, and equipment in Korea. In addition, after looking at the improvement measures for the government's material, parts, and equipment industry at the institutional level or at the ecological level, the current status and actual condition of localization of local materials, parts and equipment were investigated, and problems and improvements were analyzed. Lastly, this study presented a technology development plan for localization of parts and materials in the region and various institutional improvement plans related to commercialization.
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