Patients with acute myelocytic leukemia (AML) have varied outlooks for survival after the diagnosis. To identify pretreatment prognostic indicators in AML, we analyzed 132 cases of AML seen at our hospital between June, 1989 and December, 1994. The median age of the patients was 40 years (range, 15-81). There were 63 male and 69 female patients. One hundred eight patients (82%) received induction chemotherapy which was based on cytarabine plus anthracyclines. Sixty six patients achieved complete remission (CR) and the CR rate among the patients given induction chemotherapy was 61%. The median duration of CR was 11.2 months. After median follow up of 6.6 months (range 0.5-51.4), 26 patients (39%) remain in continuous CR. The median duration of overall survival of the patients was 6.7 months. After median follow up of 10.6 months (range, 0.1-52.7), 41 patients (31%) are alive. Variables affecting duration of CR included the age of the patients, performance status of the patients, percentage of blast in the peripheral blood, hemoglobin level, percentage of blast in the bone marrow, FAB subtype, and CD7 marker positivity. Variables affecting survival duration included age of the patients, performance status of the patients, absolute blast count (ABC) in the peripheral blood, bone marrow cellularity, the percentage of blast in the bone marrow, and CD5 marker positivity. Multivariate analysis showed that the age of the patients and percentage of blast in the bone marrow were significant independent indicators for overall survival of the patients. Further studies utilizing cytogenetics and molecular characteristics of leukemic cell are warranted to better define the prognostic factors of patients with AML.
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