The purpose of this study is to review the problems of deterorated or declined apartment estates in German cities and to find out the tendency of their improvement. For the study, the general conditions of site and buildings in 20 apartment estates area are analyzed, which were constructed in urban areas from 1950 to 1975. It is divided into four parts. The first part reviews the concept and characteristics of deteriorated apartment estates as a theoretical review. The second part studies the actual condition of the deterioration with reference to the site, public facilities, buildings and dwelling units of the case study according to development phase, which is classsified based on the construction period of apartment estates. The third part analyzes the various ways of the improvement of deteriorated apartment estates in comparison with the problem situation. The last part suggests the major improvement method through the analytic consideration grounded on the effect of the improvement way.
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