Echocardiographic automatic boundary detection (ABD) is a new on-line technique which automatically outlines the left ventricular endocardial border and instantly calculates the left ventricular area and volume from two dimensional echocardiographic images. To determine if left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) can be derived using the ABD method, 25 consecutive patients with dilated cardiomyopathy, aged 52.1 +/- 15.2 (range 14 approximately 75), underwent complete echocardiographic examination with both the ABD method and radionuclide ventriculography (RVG). End-diastolic and end-systolic left ventricular areas were obtained on-line from the apical four chamber view. Left ventricular length was also measured from an apical view. Left ventricular volumes and ejection fraction were calculated using the single plane area-length method. ABD measurements could be obtained in all patients. Linear regression analysis compared ejection fraction derived by ABD and RVG. The mean radionuclide LVEF was 20.9 +/- 6.8% and mean ABD-derived LVEF was 22.7 +/- 5.8%. Linear regression analysis revealed that the ABD-derived LVEF is closely correlated with the RVG-derived LVEF (r = 0.87, p < 0.001). In conclusion, ABD echocardiography is a new on-line technique which may be used to accurately calculate LVEF in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy.
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