Chickenpox (varicella) is caused by the varicella zoster virus and can be associated with noncutaneous complications, including encephalitis, pneumonitis, and ocular disease. Previously described ocular complications resulting from chickenpox were conjunctival and corneal lesions, iridocyclitis, glaucoma, chorioretinitis, and optic nerve lesions. Most of the reported cases were anterior uveitis with self-limited disease course and patients usually recovered good vision or had but a partial visual defect. We treated a patient who developed permanent visual loss after chickenpox. A 24-year-old female who developed the typical rash of chickenpox four days before she complained of a sudden loss of vision in her left eye. The exact cause of central retinal artery occlusion in our patient is not known, but its coincidence with chickenpox is interesting.
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