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Abstract

A retrospective cohort of adult Korean males and females was conducted to evaluate the influence of obesity on the development of hypertension and to determine the level of the body mass index at which the risk of hypertension significantly increases. The subjects of this study were 1,467 men and 944 women aged 20 to 75 yr who were normotensive at the time of their initial examinations from 1990 to 1991, who had a follow-up examination at least 1 yr after their initial examinations, or whose blood pressure status could be confirmed by reviewing their medical records until June 2000. During an average follow-up period of 6.2 yr, 234 new cases of hypertension were identified. An analysis using the Cox proportional hazards model showed that the risk of developing hypertension increased with increasing age, body mass index, and amount of daily alcohol consumption in men; and with increasing age and body mass index in women. Comparing men and women whose body mass indices were smaller than 23 kg/m2, the relative risks of hypertension were 2.56 times greater in men and 3.17 times greater in women, whose body mass indices were greater than 27 kg/m2. Our study confirmed that obesity is a strong risk factor for hypertension among Korean adults. In addition, high alcohol consumption may be a significant risk factor for men.

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  1. 2005. "" 대한간호학회지= Journal of Korean academy of nursing, 35(8): 1500~1507 
  2. Lee, Hae-Jeung ; Lee, Haeng-Shin ; Lee, Yoon-Na ; Jang, Young-Ai ; Moon, Jae-Jin ; Kim, Cho-Il 2007. "Nutritional Environment Influences Hypertension in the Middle-aged Korean Adults - based on 1998 & 2001 National Health and Nutrition Survey -" 대한지역사회영양학회지 = Korean journal of community nutrition, 12(3): 272~283 
  3. Ahn, So-Hyun ; Son, Sook-Mee ; Park, Jin-Kyung 2009. "Health and Nutritional Factors Related to Hypertension of Subjects Aged Over 50 in High Income Class - Based on the 2005 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey -" 대한영양사협회 학술지 = Journal of the Korean dietetic association, 15(3): 311~327 
  4. Nam, Sujung ; Park, Jongho 2012. "Depression and Stress Related to Obesity among Normal, Obese, and Severe Obese Groups - Comparison among Normal, Obesity, and Severe Obesity Groups -" 한국생활과학회지 = Korean journal of human ecology, 21(6): 1199~1210 

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