The combination of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) and chronic renal failure (CRF) is uncommon. This report highlights a case of renal transplantation in a patient with ITP. A 35-year-old man with ITP was admitted with uremic symptoms. A renal transplant and splenectomy was simultaneously performed. A prophylactic pneumococcous vaccination was performed and intravenous immunoglobulin (1 g/kg) was administered before and after the operation. The patient's platelet count increased gradually after the splenectomy. During a two-year follow up period, the graft function was well maintained. Renal transplantation in a patient with ITP is recommended with a well-designed strategy to prevent potential complications.
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