Recent literature indicates that the incidence of deep neck space infection is on the decline because of the availability of better antibiotics used for upper respiratory infection, but cases of deep neck space infection that do not respond to conventional antibiotic therapy are on the rise. This may be due to reduced immunity, debility, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, and improper or inadequate treatment. With the emergence of the HIV, the incidence of deep neck space infections and life threatening complications has been on the rise. We describe a case of tuberculous cervical lymphadenitis in an HIV infected patient who developed deep neck space infection and was treated by incision and drainage.
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