Abstract Background The number of octogenarians undergoing revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is increasing. However, there has been a lack of studies investigating the perioperative course and safety of revision TKA performed in this potentially vulnerable population in a large patient population. The purpose of this study is to compare complications following revision TKA between octogenarians and 2 younger patient populations (<70 and 70-79 year olds). Methods Patients who underwent revision TKA were identified in the 2005-2015 National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database and stratified into 3 age groups: <70, 70-79, and ≥80 years. Baseline preoperative and intraoperative characteristics were compared between the 3 groups. Propensity score matched comparisons were then performed for 30-day perioperative complications, length of hospital stay, and readmissions. Results This study included 6523 (<70 years), 2509 (70-79 years), and 957 octogenarian patients who underwent revision TKA. After propensity matching, statistical analysis revealed only higher rates of blood transfusion and slightly longer length of stay in octogenarians compared to <70 year olds. Similarly, octogenarians had only higher rates of blood transfusion and slightly longer length of stay compared to 70-79 year olds. Notably, there were no differences in mortality or readmission between octogenarians compared to younger populations. Conclusion These data suggest that revision TKA can safely be considered for octogenarians with the observation of higher rates of blood transfusion and slightly longer length of stay compared to younger populations. Octogenarian patients need not be discouraged from revision TKA solely based on their advanced age.
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