Abstract A wide area controller using modern multi-band power system stabilizer (PSS) is proposed to damp low frequency oscillations (LFOs) in the presence of wind power penetration. The proposed scheme is perfected in two stages. In the first stage, as the online stage, the generation re-dispatch is utilized to improve the damping of LFOs. In the second stage, as the real-time stage, the modern multiband PSSs are tuned in a wide area basis using ambient synchro-phasor measurements. A hybrid subspace identification approach based on estimation of signal parameters via rotational invariance technique (ESPRIT) and robust project approximation subspace tracking (PAST) technique is developed for online estimation of electromechanical modal properties using ambient phasor measurement data. The estimated modal information is then utilized for optimal wide area tuning of multi-band PSSs. Performance of the proposed scheme is then compared with local and global conventional PSSs. The proposed wide area damping controller is simulated over the IEEE-39 Bus test systems. Highlights Proposing a wide area scheme for damping inter-area oscillations. Extracting modal information using a subspace identification technique. Optimizing parameters of four-bands power system stabilizers for wide area damping of inter-area oscillations. Comparing the conventional and multiband stabilizers for damping inter-area oscillations in both local and wide area basis.
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