The mechanism of drift effect in pH-sensitive silicon nanowire (SiNW) ion sensitive field effect transistor (ISFET) is comprehensively studied by measuring the time-dependent drain current (I-D) and the gate capacitance (C-G) under different liquid-gate biases (V(LG)s) and pH levels. It was revealed that the origin of the current drift can be divided into three different mechanisms; the bulk ionic diffusion in sensing insulator, the chemical modification of insulator surface, and the oxide etch process induced by hydroxide (OH-) ion. Based on the V-LG/pH dependency of current drift and the transient C-G variation, it is clearly recognized that the drift of n-type SiNW (n-SiNW) ISFET results from H+ thorn diffusion in the insulator, whereas that of p-type SiNW (p-SiNW) ISFET is caused by temporal chemical modification (hydration) of the insulator, along with the oxide thickness (t(ox)) reduction by OH- ions. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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