Abstract Aims To investigate prognostic significance of post-exercise recovery of rate-pressure product (RPP) in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Methods Patients with angiographically documented CAD and T2D (n = 697) underwent symptom-limited bicycle exercise test. Exercise capacity (EC), heart rate, blood pressure and RPP responses to peak exercise and recovery (2′ and 5′ after cessation of exercise) were analyzed. Cardiac death was the primary and sudden cardiac death (SCD) secondary endpoint. Results During a median follow-up of 76 months, 49 cardiac deaths (7.0%) and 28 SCDs (4.0%) were observed. The recovery of RPP at 5′ was the strongest univariate predictor of cardiac death (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.55 per SD decrease, 95%CI: 1.82–3.58, p < 0.001) and SCD (HR: 2.34, 95%CI: 1.51–3.62, p < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, it remained significantly associated to cardiac death and SCD without (HR: 1.66, 95%CI: 1.14–2.41, p < 0.01 and HR: 1.75, 95%CI: 1.08–2.85, p < 0.05, respectively) and with additional adjustment for EC and peak RPP (HR: 1.45, 95%CI: 1.09–1.92, p < 0.05 and HR: 1.52, 95%CI: 1.01–2.27, p < 0.05, respectively). Conclusions The recovery of RPP after exercise is a potent predictor of cardiac death in patients with CAD and T2D. It provides significant prognostic information beyond EC and peak RPP.
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