A field planting of 18 selections and 10 named cultivars of pawpaw (Asimina triloba) was established in November 1996 near Clemson, S.C., as part of the Pawpaw Regional Variety Trial coordinated by Kentucky State University. Trees were planted at 2.0 × 5.5 m spacing with drip irrigation and straw mulch in a randomized complete block design consisting of 8 single-tree replications. Data collected through 2005 included tree survival, total tree yield, and yield and average weight of fruit weighing >150 g. Since the start of the trial, 3 selections, 1-7-1, 11-5 and 8-58 have been named and released as `Shenandoah', `Susquehanna' and `Rappahannock', respectively. The highest yielding cultivars were `Shenandoah', `Rappahannock', and `PA-Golden'. The cultivars with the largest percentage of large fruit were `Shenandoah' and `Susquehanna'. `Middletown', `Mitchell', `Rappahannock', `Taytwo', `Wells' and `Wilson' produced the largest percentage of small fruit (<150 g). After 9 years, 66% of the original trees (i.e., scions) were alive. `Rappahannock', `PA-Golden', `Sunflower' and `Wilson' had either one or zero trees die, whereas `Middleton' and `Wells' had only 2 trees alive. Among the selections, 2-54, 9-58, 11-13, 1-68, 3-11, and 8-20 had either 88% or 100% survival. The highest yielding selections were 10-35, 1-7-2, 1-68, and 2-10, and 1-7-2, 2-10, 4-2, and 5-5 produced the highest percent of large fruit. Fruit quality characters such as aroma, flavor, aftertaste and texture were not quantified or evaluated.
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