Unielement combustion tests were conducted using coaxial bi-swirl injectors. Major experimental parameters were a recess length and a fuel-side swirl chamber. Combustion efficiency mainly depends on a mixing mechanism for the present coaxial swirl injectors. Low-frequency pressure excitations around 200Hz were observed for all injectors. However, dynamic behaviors considerably differ for an external and an internal mixing case controlled by a recess length. The internal mixing induces mixture to be biased at a specific frequency in a mass flow rate, which results in a relatively high amplitude of pressure fluctuations but results for the external mixing case show that fuel and oxidizer mixture flow carries more complicated, multiple wave characteristics due to broad mixing region as well as disintegration and merging phenomena of propellant films.
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