This paper describes that estimation methods for the distribution of consolidation settlements to investigate the influence of distribution characteristics of compression index on the spatial distribution of consolidation settlements. When the variation of compression index is considerable, the spatial distribution of compression index is estimated using ordinary cokriging. The spatial distribution of consolidation settlements estimated by considering both the variation of compression index and void ratio (CASE-1) is different from the conventional mean value of all soil properties (CASE-2). The settlement of CASE-1 shows the larger variation at short distances rather than that of CASE-2. Whereas the spatial settlement distribution of CASE-1 is affected by the spatial distribution of compression index and the thickness of consolidation layer, the distribution of CASE-2 is significantly influenced by the distribution of the thickness of consolidation layer.
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