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특허 상세정보

Thixotropic mixture and method of making same

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C09K-003/00    F24H-007/00   
미국특허분류(USC) 252/70 ; 126/400 ; 252/317
출원번호 US-0547606 (1975-02-06)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 28  인용 특허 : 0
초록

A mixture for the storage of heat energy utilizing a heat of fusion material includes sodium sulfate decahydrate, borax as a nucleating agent, and hydrous magnesium aluminum silicate (attapulgus clay) as a homogenizing agent. This composition maintains the salt-hydrate in suspension during repeated heating and cooling cycles. A method is also disclosed for preparing the mixture which includes the steps of mixing water with the attapulgus clay, adding a nucleating agent to the initial mixture, and mixing the initial mixture, including the nucleating agent...

대표
청구항

A mixture for the storage of heat energy utilizing the heat of fusion of the composition comprising: a salt-hydrate having a heat of fusion of more than 50 BTU per pound, a nucleating agent, and a thixotropic agent, said thixotropic agent being an attapulgite-type clay substance that has lath-like particles. A method of preparing a mixture for the storage of heat energy comprising the steps of: mixing water with an attapulgite-type clay substance having lath-like particles which exhibits thixotropy to form an initial mixture, with said substance disperse...

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 28

  1. Johnson Timothy E. (Newton Center MA) Giuffrida John (Annandale NJ). Aqueous heat-storage compositions containing fumed silicon dioxide and having prolonged heat-storage efficiencies. USP1980124237023.
  2. Hara, Masashi; Mochizuki, Miyo; Shimazu, Takashi; Sobukawa, Hideo; Fukushima, Yoshiaki; Wakasugi, Tomohisa; Yano, Kazuhisa; Itahara, Hiroyuki; Sawada, Tsutomu; Fujimura, Takatsune. Chemical thermal energy storage material structure, method of producing the same, and chemical heat accumulator. USP2015099120959.
  3. della Faille d\Huysse Gatan (Brussels BEX) Boxus Louis (SINT-Stevens-Woluwe BEX). Composition based on calcium chloride hexahydrate for storing heat using a phase change and process for its preparation. USP1987024645612.
  4. Tsilevich, Maoz Betzer. Endothermic heat shield composition and method for the preparation thereof. USP2005116960308.
  5. MacCracken Calvin D. (Englewood NJ) Telkes Maria (North Miami FL). Eutectic composition for coolness storage. USP1990094954278.
  6. Ames Douglas A. (Huntington Beach CA). Eutectoid salt composition for coolness storage. USP1987084689164.
  7. Marks Stephen B. (Wilmington DE). Glauber\s salt heat storage compositions, crystal habit modifiers. USP1982094349446.
  8. Van Iperen Willem H. P. (Westfield NJ) Wilson ; III Edmund B. (Randolph NJ) Golabek ; Jr. Robert S. (Towaco NJ). Heat sink protective packaging for thermolabile goods. USP1990024903493.
  9. Harvey Nathan A. (Holcomb NY) Avery ; Jr. Roland M. (Pittsford NY). Heat storage composition. USP1987024645613.
  10. Schoenfelder James L. (Coralville IA). Heat storage containers filled with the combination of a eutectic salt and a non-biodegradable filler material. USP1980094223721.
  11. Schaper Peter (Am Remsufer 8/4 D 7148 Remseck-1 DEX) Laing Oliver (Hofenerweg 37 D 7148 Remseck-2 DEX). Heat storage materials suitable in particular for indoor air cooling. USP1983084400286.
  12. Glaser, Peter; Otte, Albrecht; Ludwig, Andreas. Ice storage element with thickened ice storage medium. USP2003026524497.
  13. Winters William C. (Bloomington MN) Chang Hsien-Hsin (Minneapolis MN) Anderson George R. (Minneapolis MN) Easter Ross A. (Minneapolis MN) Sholl Jeffrey J. (New Brighton MN). Microwave heating package, method and susceptor composition. USP1981084283427.
  14. Van Iperen Willem H. P. (Westfield NJ) Wilson ; III Edmund B. (Randolph NJ) Golabek ; Jr. Robert S. (Towaco NJ). Modular heat sink package. USP1990054923077.
  15. Blanie Marie J. M. P. (282 ; rue Saint-Jacques 75005 Paris FRX). Paraffin compositions having improved heat reservoir. USP1981034253983.
  16. Telkes Maria (Killeen TX). Phase change thermal storage materials with crust forming stabilizers. USP1980024187189.
  17. Korin Eliyaho (Beer Sheva ILX) Rappaport Elazar (Ramat Ha-Sharon ILX) Pasternak Dov (Arad ILX) Roy Aharon S. (Beer-Sheva ILX) Wolf David (Omer ILX). Phase-change heat storage building panels. USP1985024498459.
  18. Babin Lucien (Pau FRX) Clausse Daniele (Pau FRX). Product suitable for the storage and conveyance of thermal energy. USP1981094287076.
  19. Schroder ; Johann. Reversible latent heat storage method, and reversible latent heat accumulator. USP1978054091863.
  20. Lane George A. (Midland MI) Rossow Harold E. (Midland MI) Teot Arthur S. (Midland MI). Reversible phase change composition for storing thermal energy. USP1986044585572.
  21. Lieber Alfred (Salt Lake City UT) Simper Jack L. (Murray UT). Salt composition having smaller sized sodium metasilicate. USP1986084606835.
  22. Phillips Hugh J. (2510 N. 156th St. Omaha NE 68116). Static solar heat storage composition. USP1981094288338.
  23. Rueffel Philip G. (Prince Albert CAX). Thermal energy storage composition comprising peat moss. USP1980114231885.
  24. Chen Johnson C. (Philadelphia PA). Thermal energy storage composition comprising sodium sulfate decahydrate; sodium carbonate decahydrate; and sodium tetra. USP1981094292189.
  25. Kent Peter J. C. (High Wycombe GB2) Page John K. R. (Camberley GB2). Thermal energy storage material. USP1980064209413.
  26. Alderman, Robert J.. Thermal insulation with thin phase change layer. USP2010047704584.
  27. Alderman, Robert J.. Thermal insulation with thin phase change layer. USP2010017641812.
  28. Boardman Bryan J. (Chadds Ford PA). Thermal storage material and process for making. USP1981054268558.