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특허 상세정보

Ammonium nitrate explosive systems

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C06B-031/32   
미국특허분류(USC) 149/47 ; 149/92
출원번호 US-0084026 (1979-10-18)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 27  인용 특허 : 1
초록

Novel explosives which comprise mixtures of ammonium nitrate and an ammonium salt of a nitroazole in desired ratios are disclosed. A preferred nitroazole is 3,5-dinitro-1,2,4-triazole. The explosive and physical properties of these explosives may readily be varied by the addition of other explosives and oxidizers. Certain of these mixtures have been found to act as ideal explosives.

대표
청구항

An explosive composition which comprises a mixture in a desired ratio of ammonium nitrate and an ammonium salt of 2-nitropyrrole, 3-nitropyrrole, 3,4-dinitropyrrole, 2,4-dinitropyrrole, 2,5-dinitropyrrole, 2-nitroimidazole, 4-nitroimidazole, 2,4-dinitroimidazole, 4,5-dinitroimidazole, 2,4,5-trinitroimidazole, 3-nitropyrazole, 4-nitropyrazole, 3,5-dinitropyrazole, 4-nitro-1,2,3-triazole, 3-nitro-1,2,4-triazole, or 3,5-dinitro-1,2,4-triazole.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 27

  1. Becuwe Alain (Mennecy FRX). 5-oxo-3-nitro-1,2,4-triazole in gunpowder and propellant compositions. USP1991075034072.
  2. Loverro ; Jr. Nicholas P. (318 Brigette Ct. Redlands CA 92374). Ammonium nitrate explosive compositions. USP1987104701227.
  3. Wayne C. Fleming ; Hugh J. McSpadden ; Donald E. Olander. Ammonium nitrate propellants. USP2002046364975.
  4. Fleming, Wayne C.; McSpadden, Hugh J.; Olander, Donald E.. Ammonium nitrate propellants and methods for preparing the same. USP2005076913661.
  5. Voreck ; Jr. Wallace E. (Sparta NJ). Castable high explosive compositions of low sensitivity. USP1983124421578.
  6. Machacek Oldrich ; Eck Gary R.. Development of new high energy blasting products using demilitarized ammonium picrate. USP2001046214140.
  7. Stern, Alfred G.; Moran, Jesse S.; Jouet, R. Jason; Sitzman, Michael E.; Pagoria, Philip F.; Lee, Gregory S.. Dinitropyrazolopyrazole-amine salts useful in gun propellants. USP2004036706889.
  8. Lee, Kien-yin; Coburn, Michael D.. Ethylenediamine salt of 5-nitrotetrazole and preparation. USP1985114552598.
  9. Cady Howard H. (Los Alamos NM) Lee Kien-yin (Los Alamos NM). Explosive double salts and preparation. USP1984114481048.
  10. Ganta, Sudhakar R.; Williams, Graylon K.. Gas generating compositions. USP2015069045380.
  11. Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Lund, Gary K.. Gas generating compositions having glass fibers. USP2014088808476.
  12. Mendenhall,Ivan V.; Taylor,Robert D.. Gas generation with copper complexed imidazole and derivatives. USP2008127470337.
  13. Cox, Matthew A.; Smith, Bradley W.; Russell, K. Doyle; Jones, Michael. Generant grain assembly formed of multiple symmetric pieces. USP2015069051223.
  14. Lund, Gary K.; Bradford, Roger. High performance gas generating compositions. USP2014088815029.
  15. Raafat H. Guirguis ; Harold W. Sandusky ; George P. Chambers. Inertial confinement cylinder for explosive characterization. USP2002036354137.
  16. Wilson Kimberly A. ; Wilson Michael A. ; Poole Donald R. ; Holland Gary F.. Low temperature autoigniting propellant composition. USP1999025866842.
  17. Poole Donald R.. Low-residue azide-free gas generant composition. USP1998075783773.
  18. Fleming Wayne C. ; McSpadden Hugh J. ; Olander Donald E.. Methods for preparing age-stabilized propellant compositions. USP2000056059906.
  19. Bradford, Roger; Cronin, Thomas; Mendenhall, Ivan; Hussey, Brett. Methods of manufacturing monolithic generant grains. USP2015119193639.
  20. Hussey, Brett; Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Bradford, Roger. Monolithic gas generant grains. USP2011118057610.
  21. Hussey, Brett; Mendenhall, Ivan; Bradford, Roger. Monolithic gas generant grains. USP2010077758709.
  22. Brisighella, Dario; Hussey, Brett. Multi-composition pyrotechnic grain. USP2011118057611.
  23. Bottaro Jeffrey C. ; Schmitt Robert J. ; Penwell Paul E.. N,N'-azobis-nitroazoles and analogs thereof as igniter compounds for use in energetic compositions. USP2000126156136.
  24. Burns Sean P. ; Khandhadia Paresh S.. Nonazide gas generant compositions. USP1999025872329.
  25. Fleming, Wayne C.; McSpadden, Hugh J.; Olander, Donald E.. Preparation of strengthened ammonium nitrate propellants. USP2004046726788.
  26. Voreck ; Jr. Wallace E. (Sparta NJ) Brooks James E. (Manvel TX) Eberhardt John R. (Houston TX) Rezaie Hooshang A. (Houston TX). Shaped charge for a perforating gun having a main body of explosive including TATB and a sensitive primer. USP1997015597974.
  27. Khandhadia Paresh S. ; Burns Sean P.. Thermally stable nonazide automotive airbag propellants. USP2001106306232.