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특허 상세정보

Insulating cell element and structures composed thereof

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) B32B-003/12   
미국특허분류(USC) 428/72 ; 52/791 ; 52/806 ; 428/116
출원번호 US-0442404 (1982-11-17)
발명자 / 주소
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 30  인용 특허 : 8
초록

An insulating cell element comprises a hermetically sealed shell defining a closed chamber having a volumetric space contained by the chamber wall. The space has a vacuum established in an amount sufficient to achieve a heat conductivity of substantially zero through the space. The shell has a structural configuration effective to resist the outside pressure resulting when the vacuum is established in the closed chamber and is further effective to maintain the vacuum over a substantially unlimited period of time. The energy transfer for a single layer of...

대표
청구항

A thermal insulation structure comprising: (a) a plurality of insulating cell elements contiguously disposed with respect to each other to form a monolithic structure, (b) each of the insulating cell elements including a hermetically sealed shell defining a closed chamber having a volumetric space with a vacuum established in an amount sufficient to achieve a minimal heat conductivity through said space, (c) each of the shells having a structural configuration effective to resist the outside pressure resulting when said vacuum is established in the close...

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 30

  1. Mueller, Rainer; Muehlthaler, Georg. Aircraft side fairing. USP2013078490365.
  2. Mott, Lawrence; Bettger, Kenneth; Brown, Elliot. Asymmetrical flexible edge seal for vacuum insulating glass. USP2012108283023.
  3. Cook, Brent T.; Alexander, Joseph B.; Gatica, Jorge G.. Climate controlled housing unit. USP2009057530204.
  4. Wittwer, Carl T.; Ririe, Kirk M.. Container for carrying out and monitoring biological processes. USP2010067745205.
  5. Wittwer,Carl T.; Ririe,Kirk M.. Container for carrying out and monitoring biological processes. USP2007097273749.
  6. Stark, David H.; Honor, Patrick Michael. Edge seal assemblies for hermetic insulating glass units and vacuum insulating glass units. USP2017019546513.
  7. Bettger, Kenneth J.; Stark, David H.. Filament-strung stand-off elements for maintaining pane separation in vacuum insulating glazing units. USP2013088512830.
  8. Bettger, Kenneth J.; Stark, David H.. Flexible edge seal for vacuum insulating glazing units. USP2012128329267.
  9. Bell Dennis J. (885 Berry Ave. Los Altos CA 94022). Flexible evacuated insulating panel. USP1993125271980.
  10. Wittwer Carl T.. Fluorescent donor-acceptor pair with low spectral overlap. USP2001066245514.
  11. Stark, David H. Insulated glazing units. USP2010117832177.
  12. Stark, David H.. Insulating glass unit having multi-height internal standoffs and visible decoration. USP2011087989040.
  13. Angenendt, Peter; Walter, Karsten; Iglseder, Heinrich. Lightweight construction board. USP2004116817158.
  14. Francis, IV, William H.; Freebury, Gregg E.; Beidleman, Neal J.; Hulse, Michael. Method and apparatus for an insulating glazing unit and compliant seal for an insulating glazing unit. USP20181110119327.
  15. Francis, IV, William H.; Freebury, Gregg E.; Beidleman, Neal J.; Hulse, Michael. Method and apparatus for an insulating glazing unit and compliant seal for an insulating glazing unit. USP2016059328512.
  16. Oldenburg,Kevin R.. Method and apparatus for manipulating an organic liquid sample. USP2008057373968.
  17. Wittwer, Carl T.; Hillyard, David R.. Method for rapid thermal cycling of biological samples. USP2004096787338.
  18. Wittwer Carl T. ; Ririe Kirk M. ; Rasmussen Randy P.. Monitoring amplification of DNA during PCR. USP2001016174670.
  19. Wittwer, Carl T.; Ririe, Kirk M.; Rasmussen, Randy P.. Monitoring hybridization during PCR using SYBR® Green I. USP2003056569627.
  20. Mills, Gary L.; Unruh, Bryce W.; Rohrschneider, Reuben R.. Multi-layer insulation. USP2018049944452.
  21. Miller, Seth A.; Stark, David H.; Francis, IV, William H.; Puligandla, Viswanadham; Boulos, Edward N.; Pernicka, John. Multi-pane glass unit having seal with adhesive and gas-restrictive coating layer. USP2017019540863.
  22. Miller, Seth A.; Stark, David H.; Francis, IV, William H.; Puligandla, Viswanadham; Boulos, Edward N.; Pernicka, John. Multi-pane glass unit having seal with adhesive and hermetic coating layer. USP2015028950162.
  23. Douglas Michael Smith ; R. Ulrich Boes DE; Alok Maskara. Multilayer insulation composite. USP2002116485805.
  24. Swerdlow Harold P. ; Wittwer Carl T.. On-line DNA analysis system with rapid thermal cycling. USP1999085935522.
  25. Wittwer Carl T. ; Ririe Kirk M. ; Rasmussen Randy P.. PCR method for nucleic acid quantification utilizing second or third order rate constants. USP2001056232079.
  26. Oldenburg, Kevin R.. Rapid thermal cycling device. USP2009117614444.
  27. Oldenburg, Kevin R.. Rapid thermal cycling device. USP2003116640891.
  28. Oldenburg,Kevin R.. Rapid thermal cycling device. USP2006047025120.
  29. Wittwer,Carl T.; Ririe,Kirk M.; Rasmussen,Randy P.; Hillyard,David R.. System and method for fluorescence monitoring. USP2006077081226.
  30. Wittwer, Carl T.; Ririe, Kirk M.. System for fluorescence monitoring. USP2010037670832.