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특허 상세정보

Elongate electrical assemblies

특허상세정보
국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) H05B-003/54   
미국특허분류(USC) 219/549 ; 219/528 ; 219/505 ; 219/553
출원번호 US-0745367 (1985-06-14)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 23  인용 특허 : 20
초록

Elongate electrical devices, comprising two conductors with electrical elements connected in parallel between them, have improved performance if the power supply is connected to one conductor at the near end and to the other conductor at the far end. Particularly useful devices are heaters, e.g. PTC conductive polymer heaters. The power supply is connected to the far end of the device through a connection means whose electrical properties can be correlated with those of the device in order to obtain a wide range of useful results. For example the connect...

대표
청구항

An electrical circuit which comprises (1) an elongate self-regulating heater which is at least 330 feet in length and which comprises (a) a first elongate electrical connection means having a near end and a far end; (b) a second elongate electrical connection means having a near end and a far end; and (c) a plurality of electrical heating elements, each of said heating elements having a thermal output which decreases with temperature, whereby the heater is self-regulating, said heating elements being connected in parallel with each other between the firs...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (20)

  1. Asano ; Chihiro ; Hikita ; Shigeyuki ; Kato ; Kunio. Current limiting element for preventing electrical overcurrent. USP1978084107640.
  2. Cardinal Raymond F. (Fremont CA) Walker Jack M. (Portola Valley CA). Devices comprising conductive polymers. USP1982024314230.
  3. Carlson Gordon S. (Northbrook IL). Electric blanket safety circuit. USP1984034436986.
  4. Horsma David A. (Palo Alto CA). Electrical devices containing PTC elements. USP1981014246468.
  5. Steiner Herbert (Traunstein DEX) Magg Johann (St. Georgen DEX). Electrical heating apparatus with a heating element of PTC material. USP1982074341949.
  6. Johnson ; Ben C. ; Thornton ; J. Scott ; Glowe ; Donald E. ; Cassidy ; P atrick E. ; Anderson ; Robert E.. Electrical heating cable with temperature self-limiting heating elements. USP1978024072848.
  7. Bogdanov Alexei Alexeevich (Prazhskaya ulitsa ; 9 ; korpus 2 ; kv. 35 Leningrad SU) Fonarev Zakhar Izrailevich (PROSPEKT Gagarina ; 25 ; kv. 32 Leningrad SU) Khorkov Viktor Petrovich (PROSPEKT Slavy . Flexible electric heater element. USP1976053959622.
  8. Steiner Herbert (Traunstorf DEX) Magg Johann (St. Georgen DEX). Heating element assembly with a PTC electric heating element. USP1982044324974.
  9. Horsma David A. (Palo Alto CA) Lyons Bernard J. (Atherton CA) Smith-Johannsen Robert (Portola Valley CA). Layered self-regulating heating article. USP1979124177376.
  10. Walker Jack M. (Portola Valley CA). Method for forming laminates comprising an electrode and a conductive polymer layer. USP1981064272471.
  11. Sopory Umesh K. (San Jose CA). Novel PTC devices and their preparation. USP1982064334351.
  12. Eichelberger Charles W. (Schenectady NY) Thomas Charles E. (Schenectady NY) Wojnarowski Robert J. (Clifton Park NY). Oven having a cavity heated by at least one monolithic integrated heat source. USP1981114298789.
  13. Van Bokestal Andre M. A. (Brussels BEX) Belhomme Charles J. G. (Brussels BEX). PTC heating device having selectively variable temperature levels. USP1979044151401.
  14. Goss David C. (San Marcos TX) Springs Daniel R. (San Marcos TX). Parallel-type heating cable and method of making same. USP1982084345368.
  15. Epaneshnikova Valentina Evgenievna (ULITSA Grazhdanskaya ; 3 ; kv. 8 Krasnodar SU) Kondratskaya Evgenia Alexandrovna (ULITSA Novo-Kuznechnaya ; 10 ; kv. 10 Krasnodar SU) Primak Grigory Karpovich (Ros. Printed resistor. USP1976033947799.
  16. Miyamoto Mamoru (Neyagawa JA) Ishikawa Kazuo (Kadoma JA). Sealed thermostatic heater. USP1977084045763.
  17. Horsma David A. (Palo Alto CA) Diaz Stephen H. (Los Altos CA). Self-heating article with deformable electrodes. USP1983124421582.
  18. Johnson ; Ben C. ; Thornton ; J. Scott ; Glowe ; Donald E. ; Cassidy ; P atrick E. ; Anderson ; Robert E.. Self-limiting temperature electrical heating cable. USP1978094117312.
  19. Van Bokestal ; Andre Marcel Alfred ; Belhomme ; Charles Joseph Ghisl ain. Self-regulating heating element. USP1978084104509.
  20. Whitney Wells (Menlo Park CA) Horsma David August (Palo Alto CA). Temperature overshoot heater. USP1977044017715.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 23

  1. Thudor, Mohammad; Makinson, Ian Douglas; Biggs, Philip James; Dickinson, Philip John. Apparatus for delivering humidified gases. USP2013108550072.
  2. Thudor, Mohammad; Makinson, Ian Douglas; Biggs, Philip James; Dickinson, Philip John. Apparatus for delivering humidified gases. USP2012018091547.
  3. Thudor,Mohammad; Makinson,Ian Douglas; Biggs,Philip James; Dickinson,Philip John. Apparatus for delivering humidified gases. USP2006097111624.
  4. Horsma David A. (Palo Alto CA) Kamath Hundi P. (Los Altos CA) Fang Shou-Mean (Union City CA). Assemblies of PTC circuit protection devices. USP1990104967176.
  5. Seakins, Paul John; Smith, Malcolm David; Thudor, Mohammad. Breathing assistance apparatus. USP2017099750917.
  6. Seakins, Paul John; Smith, Malcolm David; Thudor, Mohammad. Breathing assistance apparatus. USP2017019555210.
  7. Seakins, Paul John; Smith, Malcolm David; Thudor, Mohammad. Breathing assistance apparatus. USP2012088235041.
  8. Seakins, Paul John; Smith, Malcolm David; Thudor, Mohammad. Breathing assistance apparatus. USP2005076918389.
  9. Larkin Brian S. ; Aromin Victor V.. Connector for electrical cable. USP2001036206720.
  10. D'Amario ; Jr. Ercole,CAX ; Castagna Alfonso,CAX ; Moscovitch Jerry N.,CAX ; Rao Chepur P. ; Larkin Brian S. ; Ferdinand Arthur E.. Cutting tool for electrical cable. USP1999065913574.
  11. Batliwalla Neville S. ; Thompson James C.. Electrical device. USP2000086111234.
  12. Jensen Michael L. (Overijse BEX) Nolf Jean-Marie E. (Hamme-Mille BEX) Vansant Jan (Louvain BEX). Electrical device comprising a PTC or NTC composition. USP1989014801784.
  13. Boyal Mohan S. (49 Scott Avenue Penn ; Wolverhampton GB2). Electrical heating cable. USP1989094864107.
  14. D'Amario ; Jr. Ercole,CAX ; Castagna Alfonso,CAX ; Moscovitch Jerry N.,CAX ; Rao Chepur P. ; Larkin Brian S. ; Ferdinand Arthur E.. Electrical plug. USP1998025718600.
  15. Larkin Brian S.. Electrical plug. USP1999075924888.
  16. Mackie,Scott Robert; White,Craig Karl; Huddart,Brett John; Smith,Daniel John; Kadhum,Hussein; Smith,Malcolm David. Gases delivery conduit. USP2006107120354.
  17. Janvrin Aron K. ; Osterhout Glen W.. Heating cable. USP1999126005232.
  18. Smith, Daniel John; Kadhum, Hussein; Smith, Malcolm David. Humidified gases delivery apparatus. USP2009097588029.
  19. Klasek, Paul Jan; Virr, Alexander; Huby, Ronald James; Cheng, Jack Wei. Humidifier for respiratory apparatus. USP2016099440040.
  20. Seakins,Paul John; Smith,Malcolm David; Thudor,Mohammad. Humidifier with parallel gas flow paths. USP2006127146979.
  21. Matsusaka,Susumu. Image forming apparatus with another secondary power supply. USP2007127313341.
  22. Dong Wesley B. ; Shaughnessy Helen D. ; Haller Jeffrey T. ; Emerson Daniel T. ; Jung Jae Yoon ; Edwards Larry M.. Sealing device. USP1998085792987.
  23. Carenza, Pino Giuseppe. Self-regulating dual heating level heating element. USP20190310244582.