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특허 상세정보

Method and apparatus for improving combustion, thermal efficiency and reducing emissions by treating fuel

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C10L-001/32   
미국특허분류(USC) 44/51 ; 44/68
출원번호 US-0810076 (1985-12-17)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 33  인용 특허 : 0
초록

Apparatus and processes are disclosed for treating liquid fuels to include precious metal catalysts dispersed within a liquid which is dispersed within the fuels. The precious metal catalysts are preferably present at a level of from about 0.005 to 0.5 ppm by weight of the treated fuel, and the liquid is preferably present at a level of from about 3 to about 15% by volume of the fuel. The fuel is treated prior to introduction into a chamber for combustion.

대표
청구항

A method of improving the combustion of fuel in a chamber by treating the fuel to form a suspension comprising: (a) mixing with such fuel a quantity of emulsifying liquid to form a stable suspension; and (b) adding a small amount of precious metal catalyst so that such metal is present in such suspension prior to its introduction into such chamber.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 33

  1. Hatfield, Randal L.; Golden, Stephen J.; Ngo, Johnny T.. Base metal activated rhodium coatings for catalysts in three-way catalyst (TWC) applications. USP2017029579604.
  2. Launois, Maxime; Nazarpoor, Zahra; Golden, Stephen J.. Calibration strategies to improve spinel mixed metal oxides catalytic converters. USP2018049951706.
  3. Kresnyak, Steve; Bunio, Gary. Carbon dioxide enriched flue gas injection for hydrocarbon recovery. USP2010087770640.
  4. Ahern Brian S. ; Clark ; Jr. Harry R. ; Johnson Keith H.. Combustion of nanopartitioned fuel. USP1999115992354.
  5. Ahern Brian S. ; Clark ; Jr. Harry R. ; Johnson Keith H.. Combustion of nanopartitioned fuel. USP2001056235067.
  6. Sprague, Barry; Beal, Steve. Diesel exhaust treatment systems and methods. USP2017099771534.
  7. Langer,Deborah A.; Bardasz,Ewa A.; Abraham,William D.. Emulsified fuels and engine oil synergy. USP2008087413583.
  8. Nazarpoor, Zahra; Golden, Stephen J.. Enhanced catalytic activity at the stoichiometric condition of zero-PGM catalysts for TWC applications. USP2018019861964.
  9. Nazarpoor, Zahra. Firing (calcination) process and method related to metallic substrates coated with ZPGM catalyst. USP2016129511353.
  10. Kresnyak,Steve; Bunio,Gary. Flue gas injection for heavy oil recovery. USP2008037341102.
  11. Carroll, Robert W.; Carroll, Noel; Carroll, William F.; Carroll, Michael. Method and composition for improving fuel combustion. USP2015028945244.
  12. Carroll, Robert Wilfred; Carroll, Noel; Carroll, William F.; Carroll, Michael. Method and composition for improving fuel combustion. USP2012108287607.
  13. Carroll,Robert W.; Carroll,Noel; Carroll,William F.; Carroll,Michael. Method and composition for improving fuel combustion. USP2009037503944.
  14. Kresnyak,Steve; Warchol,Edward. Method for converting heavy oil residuum to a useful fuel. USP2007107279017.
  15. Haskew, James W.. Method for oxidizing mixtures. USP2004086776606.
  16. Magnin, Cesar; Prudhomme, Jean-Bernard; Schulz, Philippe. Method for preparing an emulsified fuel and implementing device. USP2003076589301.
  17. Nazarpoor, Zahra; Kitazumi, Sen; Ngo, Johnny T.. Optimization of Zero-PGM washcoat and overcoat loadings on metallic substrate. USP2017019545626.
  18. Peter-Hoblyn Jeremy D. (Bodwin GB2) Sprague Barry N. (Bethlehem CT) Valentine James M. (Fairfield CT). Platinum metal fuel additive for water-containing fuels. USP1997125693106.
  19. Brown, Kevin F.; Langer, Deborah A.; Duncan, David A.. Process for reducing pollutants from the exhaust of a diesel engine. USP2005096949235.
  20. Brown, Kevin Francis; Langer, Deborah Ann; Duncan, David. Process for reducing pollutants from the exhaust of a diesel engine. USP2003086606856.
  21. Brown,Kevin Francis; Langer,Deborah Ann; Duncan,David. Process for reducing pollutants from the exhaust of a diesel engine. USP2006047028468.
  22. Brown, Kevin F.; Tadrous, Ted N.; Langer, Deborah A.; Duncan, David A.. Process for reducing pollutants from the exhaust of a diesel engine using a water diesel fuel in combination with exhaust after-treatments. USP2004046725653.
  23. Valentine, James M.; Sprague, Barry N.. Reduced-emissions combustion utilizing multiple-component metallic combustion catalyst. USP2005096948926.
  24. Peter-Hoblyn Jeremy D. (Bodwin GB3) Valentine James M. (Fairfield CT). Reduction of nitrogen oxides emissions from vehicular diesel engines. USP1996125584894.
  25. Hatfield, Randal L.; Golden, Stephen J.; Ngo, Johnny T.. Rhodium-iron catalysts. USP2016109475004.
  26. Nazarpoor, Zahra; Golden, Stephen J.. Spinel compositions and applications thereof. USP2016129511358.
  27. Nazarpoor, Zahra; Golden, Stephen J.. Synergized PGM catalyst systems including platinum for TWC application. USP2017019555400.
  28. Golden, Stephen J.. Synergized PGM close-coupled catalysts for TWC applications. USP2017079700841.
  29. Peter-Hoblyn Jeremy D.,GB3 ; Valentine James M. ; Tarabulski Theodore J.. System for fueling and feeding chemicals to internal combustion engines for NO.sub.x reduction. USP1998095809774.
  30. Miller, Gary. Systems and methods for providing a catalyst. USP2011108033167.
  31. Nazarpoor, Zahra; Abken, Anke Elizabeth; Golden, Stephen J.. Thermal stability of copper-manganese spinel as Zero PGM catalyst for TWC application. USP2017089731279.
  32. Hatfield, Randal L.; Lee, Edward J.; Ngo, Johnny T.; Golden, Stephen J.. Three-way catalyst systems including Fe-activated Rh and Ba-Pd material compositions. USP2016109475005.
  33. Nazarpoor, Zahra; Golden, Stephen J.. ZPGM Diesel Oxidation Catalysts and methods of making and using same. USP2016129511350.