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특허 상세정보

Microcellular composite energetic materials and method for making same

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C06B-045/00   
미국특허분류(USC) 149/2 ; 149/21 ; 149/45 ; 149/46
출원번호 US-0777832 (1985-09-19)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 28  인용 특허 : 6
초록

Essentially anhydrous energetic compositions, including explosives, propellants, flares, and gas generators, are initially formed at process temperatures above the solidification temperature of contained oxidizer salts as stable, melt-in-fuel emulsions having a continuous fuel phase and a discontinuous molten oxidizer phase. Surfactants are employed which cause the compositions to retain general fuel phase continuity and oxidizer phase discontinuity upon solidification. The final product is a firm or solid emulsion generally characterized by an intimate ...

대표
청구항

A castable composite explosive, propellant, flare, or gas generator, comprising in combination: a substantially water-free, stable emulsion of molten inorganic oxidizer salt(s), immiscible hydrocarbon fuel(s) and surfactant(s), the fuel(s) and surfactant(s) forming the continuous phase in which the oxidizer phase in dispersed in the form of discrete cells which solidify upon cooling without material disruption of the fuel phase continuum, the surfactants being selected for their capacity to form an emulsion at process temperatures which retains substanti...

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 28

  1. Chan May L. (Ridgecrest CA) Turner Alan D. (Ridgecrest CA). Castable, insensitive energetic compositions. USP1991045009728.
  2. Wight Charles A. (1457 E. 1300 South Salt Lake City UT 84105) Kligmann Peter M. (735 E. 4565 S. Murray UT 84107). Desensitized energetic materials. USP1997045625165.
  3. Carey, Jeffrey M.; Marlow, Jill M.. Emulsion compositions. USP2004106800154.
  4. Brothers, Alan H.. Energetic materials using amorphous metals and metal alloys. USP2017029573858.
  5. Scheffee Robert S. ; Wheatley Brian K.. Eutectic mixtures of ammonium nitrate and amino guanidine nitrate. USP1998035726382.
  6. Villamagna Fortunato (St. Leonard CAX) Bampfield Howard A. (Otterburn Park CAX). Explosive booster composition. USP1987084689096.
  7. Forsberg John W. (Mentor-on-the-Lake OH) Mullay John J. (Hazleton PA) Sohara Joseph A. (Whitehall PA). Explosive compositions. USP1989064840687.
  8. Blomquist Harold R.. Gas generating composition for an inflatable vehicle occupant protection device. USP2001106296724.
  9. Knowlton Gregory D. ; Ludwig Christopher P.. Gas generating compositions. USP2001056235132.
  10. Knowlton Gregory D. ; Ludwig Christopher P. ; Haun Daniel. Gas generating compositions. USP1998075780768.
  11. Knowlton, Gregory D.; Ludwig, Christopher P.; Haun, Daniel V.. Gas generating compositions. USP2005036860951.
  12. Patrick Michael A. (Shalimar FL) Aubert Stephen A. (Niceville FL). Intermolecular complex explosives. USP1990084948438.
  13. Wood, Lowell L.; Ishikawa, Muriel Y.; Nuckolls, John H.; Pagoria, Phillip F.; Viecelli, James A.. Light metal explosives and propellants. USP2005046875294.
  14. Bruenner Rolf Sylvester ; Oberth Adolf Eduard ; Clark George Merrill ; Katzakian ; Jr. Arthur. Liquid oxidizer composition perparation. USP1998115837931.
  15. Knowlton, Gregory D.; Ludwig, Christopher P.; Deppert, Thomas M.; McFadden, Dan; Dupont, James; Salafia, Christian. Low solids gas generant having a low flame temperature. USP2003076589375.
  16. Knowlton, Gregory D.; Ludwig, Christopher P.. Low temperature autoignition composition. USP2004066749702.
  17. Hinshaw Jerald C. (Farr West UT) Doll Daniel W. (North Ogden UT) Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT) Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT). Metal complexes for use as gas generants. USP1997105673935.
  18. Hinshaw Jerald C. (Farr West UT) Doll Daniel W. (North Ogden UT) Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT) Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT). Metal complexes for use as gas generants. USP1997015592812.
  19. Hinshaw Jerald C. ; Doll Daniel W. ; Blau Reed J. ; Lund Gary K.. Metal complexes for use as gas generants. USP1998035725699.
  20. Hinshaw, Jerald C.; Doll, Daniel W.; Blau, Reed J.; Lund, Gary K.. Metal complexes for use as gas generants. USP2005116969435.
  21. Hinshaw, Jerald C.; Doll, Daniel W.; Blau, Reed J.; Lund, Gary K.. Metal complexes for use as gas generants. USP2015129199886.
  22. Jerald C. Hinshaw ; Daniel W. Doll ; Reed J. Blau ; Gary K. Lund. Metal hydrazine complexes for use as gas generants. USP2002116481746.
  23. Hinshaw Jerald C. ; Doll Daniel W. ; Blau Reed J. ; Lund Gary K.. Metal hydrazine complexes used as gas generants. USP1999105970703.
  24. Ekman Gunnar (Nora SEX). Particulate explosive, manufacturing method and use. USP1996105567911.
  25. Patrick Michael A. (Shalimar FL) Massey Sara J. (Miamisburg OH). Polymeric intermolecular emulsion explosive. USP1991024994123.
  26. Cooper John (Alloway GB6) Mumme-Young Colin A. (Tarvin GB2) Reid David S. (Kilwinning GB2). Solid explosive composition. USP1988024722757.
  27. Petersen, Eric L.; Seal, Sudipta; Stephens, Matthew; Reid, David L.; Carro, Rodolphe; Sammet, Thomas; Lepage, Alex. Solid propellant rocket motor having self-extinguishing propellant grain and systems therefrom. USP2012128336287.
  28. Hinshaw Jerald C. ; Doll Daniel W. ; Blau Reed J. ; Lund Gary K.. Using metal complex compositions as gas generants. USP1998045735118.