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특허 상세정보

Forced refreezing method for the formation of high strength ice structures

특허상세정보
국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) E02D-017/00   
미국특허분류(USC) 405/217 ; 62/260 ; 405/61
출원번호 US-0768053 (1985-08-22)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 33  인용 특허 : 7
초록

A method for accelerating construction of a load bearing ice island, formed by either sea water spraying or flooding techniques, of higher quality or in a shorter time or both than would otherwise be possible. The method involves forced refreezing of spray ice by application of a vertical stream of cold ambient air, as produced by a fan or other devices described, directly downward on the ice surface or by application of the downwardly directed air stream to an impounded mass of sea water. The specific application for the process is construction of impro...

대표
청구항

An improved method for the construction of load-bearing ice structures including ice platforms and grounded ice islands and the like wherein the ambient air is sufficiently cold to effect freezing of sea water and wherein the structure is constructed from sea water, comprising the steps of: initially forming an initial ice structure from sea water by spraying or impounding the sea water, thereafter directing downwardly towards the upper surface of said initial ice structure a controlled column of ambient air having a temperature sufficiently low to freez...

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 33

  1. Kaminsky, Robert D.; Symington, William A.; Yeakel, Jesse D.; Thomas, Michele M.; Krohn, Steve R.. Combined development of oil shale by in situ heating with a deeper hydrocarbon resource. USP2012048151884.
  2. Stone, Matthew T.; Ghurye, Ganesh; Shanley, Matthew T; Rasmussen, Peter; Huang, Xianghui; Kaminsky, Robert D.. Converting organic matter from a subterranean formation into producible hydrocarbons by controlling production operations based on availability of one or more production resources. USP2013098540020.
  3. Enis, Ben M.; Lieberman, Paul. Desalination method and system using a continuous helical slush removal system. USP2017059650260.
  4. Kaminsky, Robert D.; Rasmussen, Chad C.. Downhole burner wells for in situ conversion of organic-rich rock formations. USP2012048151877.
  5. Kaminsky, Robert D.; Rasmussen, Chad C.. Downhole burners for in situ conversion of organic-rich rock formations. USP2012028122955.
  6. Kaminsky, Robert D.; Shanley, Matthew T.. Enhanced convection for in situ pyrolysis of organic-rich rock formations. USP2014108863839.
  7. Symington, William A.; Kaminsky, Robert D.; Hutfilz, James M.. Enhanced shale oil production by in situ heating using hydraulically fractured producing wells. USP2010037669657.
  8. Kaminsky, Robert D.. Granular electrical connections for in situ formation heating. USP2012018087460.
  9. McAlister, Padraig. Ice composite body and process for the construction thereof. USP2004036712558.
  10. Kaminsky, Robert D.; Symington, William A.; Yeakel, Jesse D.; Thomas, Michele M.. In situ co-development of oil shale with mineral recovery. USP2014028641150.
  11. Kaminsky, Robert D.. Method of developing a subsurface freeze zone using formation fractures. USP2009047516787.
  12. Kaminsky, Robert D.. Method of developing subsurface freeze zone. USP2010017647971.
  13. Kaminsky, Robert D.. Method of developing subsurface freeze zone. USP2009047516785.
  14. Kaminsky, Robert D.. Method of developing subsurface freeze zone. USP2012018104537.
  15. Symington, William A.; Clayton, Erik H; Kaminsky, Robert D.; Manak, Larry J; Burns, James S.. Method of recovering hydrocarbons within a subsurface formation using electric current. USP2017059644466.
  16. Kaminsky, Robert D; Symington, William A. Methods of producing hydrocarbons for substantially constant composition gas generation. USP2012078230929.
  17. Symington, William A.; El Rabaa, Abdel Wadood M; Kaminsky, Robert D.; Meurer, William P.; Passey, Quinn; Thomas, Michele M.. Methods of treating a subterranean formation to convert organic matter into producible hydrocarbons. USP2009127631691.
  18. Symington, William A.; Kaminsky, Robert D.. Mitigating the effects of subsurface shunts during bulk heating of a subsurface formation. USP2017089739122.
  19. Meurer, William P.; Shanley, Matthew T.; El-Rabaa, Abdel Wadood M.. Multiple electrical connections to optimize heating for in situ pyrolysis. USP2015079080441.
  20. Kaminsky, Robert D.. Olefin reduction for in situ pyrolysis oil generation. USP2014018622127.
  21. Kaminsky, Robert D; Symington, William A. Optimized well spacing for in situ shale oil development. USP2013128596355.
  22. Kaminsky, Robert D.; Thomas, Michele M.; Blanton, Lauren; Nelson, Eric D.; Symington, William A.. Process for producing hydrocarbon fluids combining in situ heating, a power plant and a gas plant. USP2014118875789.
  23. Kaminsky, Robert D.. Resistive heater for in situ formation heating. USP2014018622133.
  24. Kaminsky, Robert D.. Resistive heater for in situ formation heating. USP2016059347302.
  25. Kaminsky, Robert D.. Subsurface freeze zone using formation fractures. USP2010017647972.
  26. Hewlings Winston G. (R.R. 1 ; Box 448 ; Rte. 36 Swainton VT 05488-9736). System and method of damping waves on a body of water using towable field of ice pieces of random sizes. USP1989084854780.
  27. Meurer, William P.; Fang, Chen; Gallo, Federico G.; Hoda, Nazish; Lin, Michael W.. Systems and methods for in situ resistive heating of organic matter in a subterranean formation. USP2016079394772.
  28. Wenger, Jr., Lloyd M.; Meurer, William P.; Braun, Ana L; Carmo, Ana Maria Dos Santos; Lin, Michael W.; Wei, Zhibin. Systems and methods for regulating an in situ pyrolysis process. USP2016129512699.
  29. Meurer, William P.; Fang, Chen; Gallo, Federico G.; Hoda, Nazish; Lin, Michael W.. Systems and methods of detecting an intersection between a wellbore and a subterranean structure that includes a marker material. USP2014078770284.
  30. Goelet, John. Transportation system including a hovering vehicle. USP2018049937912.
  31. Kaminsky, Robert D.; Speed, C. Stan; Griffith, Todd S.; Starcher, Loren K.; Symington, William A.. Utilization of low BTU gas generated during in situ heating of organic-rich rock. USP2012048146664.
  32. Symington, William A.; Shah, Piyush S.; Miller, John D; Yeakel, Jesse D; Ghurye, Ganesh L. Water treatment following shale oil production by in situ heating. USP2013128616279.
  33. Kaminsky, Robert D.; Spiecker, P. Matthew; Searles, Kevin H.. Wellbore mechanical integrity for in situ pyrolysis. USP2013128616280.