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특허 상세정보

Oil fuel combustion

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) F23J-007/00    C10L-001/32   
미국특허분류(USC) 431/4 ; 44/51
출원번호 US-0882806 (1986-07-07)
발명자 / 주소
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 23  인용 특허 : 3
초록

Improved combustion efficiency is achieved by separately preparing a water-in-oil emulsion, containing up to about 90 volume % water, and blending the emulsion into an oil fuel prior to combustion. The blended oil fuel contains from 1 to about 10 vol. % water in the form of tiny droplets having a diameter within the range from about 1 to about 10 microns. The process of this invention may be applied to heating systems, steam boilers, gas turbines, rotary kilns, and internal combustion engines, including diesel engines.

대표
청구항

A process for the improved combustion of oil fuels in a combustion zone, comprising the steps of: (a) preparing a water-in-oil emulsion in a combustible oil carrier fluid, said water-in-oil emulsion containing from about 20 to about 90 volume % water present as droplets having a diameter within the range from about 1 to about 10 microns; (b) thereafter blending the water-in-oil emulsion into the fuel in a proportion selected to provide a water content dispersed in the fuel within the range from about 2 to about 10 volume %; and (c) introducing the blende...

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 23

  1. Kresnyak, Steve; Bunio, Gary. Carbon dioxide enriched flue gas injection for hydrocarbon recovery. USP2010087770640.
  2. Ahern Brian S. ; Clark ; Jr. Harry R. ; Johnson Keith H.. Combustion of nanopartitioned fuel. USP1999115992354.
  3. Ahern Brian S. ; Clark ; Jr. Harry R. ; Johnson Keith H.. Combustion of nanopartitioned fuel. USP2001056235067.
  4. Claire L. Thompson GB; Douglas M. Barr GB. Emulsifier for an acqueous hydrocarbon fuel. USP2002076419714.
  5. Dodd, Peter Jeremy; Stockwell, Alan. Emulsion fuels and their use in gas turbines. USP2003126663680.
  6. Hotto, Robert. Enhanced efficiency turbine. USP2015069059440.
  7. Hotto, Robert. Enhanced efficiency turbine. USP2010107818969.
  8. Peter-Hoblyn Jeremy D.,GB3 ; Valentine James M. ; Dubin Leonard. Enhanced lubricity diesel fuel emulsions for reduction of nitrogen oxides. USP1998045743922.
  9. Kresnyak,Steve; Bunio,Gary. Flue gas injection for heavy oil recovery. USP2008037341102.
  10. Masatoshi Matsumura JP; Seishiro Murakami JP. Method and equipment of refining plant oil and waste vegetable oil into diesel engine fuel. USP2002046364917.
  11. Gard, Vincent; Chojnacki, Dennis A.; Rabovitser, Ioseph K.. Method and system for low-NOx dual-fuel combustion of liquid and/or gaseous fuels. USP2014128899969.
  12. Kresnyak,Steve; Warchol,Edward. Method for converting heavy oil residuum to a useful fuel. USP2007107279017.
  13. Park, Kil-Won. Method of burning emulsion fuel oil. USP2004036702568.
  14. Puttock Simon J. (Middlesex GB2) Somerville Ian D. (Hampshire GB2). Preparation and combustion of fuel oil emulsions. USP1991035000757.
  15. Deborah A. Langer ; David L. Westfall ; Morris E. Smith ; Robert T. Graf ; Harshida Dave ; John J. Mullay ; Daniel T. Daly ; Elizabeth A. Schiferl. Process and apparatus for making aqueous hydrocarbon fuel compositions, and aqueous hydrocarbon fuel composition. USP2002046368366.
  16. Deborah A. Langer ; David L. Westfall ; Morris E. Smith ; Robert T. Graf ; Harshida Dave ; John J. Mullay ; Daniel T. Daly ; Elizabeth A. Schiferl ; Brian B. Filippini ; William D. Abraham. Process and apparatus for making aqueous hydrocarbon fuel compositions, and aqueous hydrocarbon fuel composition. USP2002046368367.
  17. Peter-Hoblyn Jeremy D. (Bodwin GB3) Valentine James M. (Fairfield CT). Reduction of nitrogen oxides emissions from vehicular diesel engines. USP1996125584894.
  18. Moriyama Noboru (Wakayama JPX) Ogura Tsugitoshi (Kanagawa JPX) Hiraki Akio (Nagasaki JPX). Super-heavy oil emulsion fuel. USP1991065024676.
  19. Carin, Christianne; Gorbell, Brian N.; Carin, legal representative, Christianne; Fedkenheuer, Alvin W.; Jonasson, John S.; Starosud, Alexander. Systems for prevention of HAP emissions and for efficient drying/dehydration processes. USP2012048156662.
  20. Giampa, Vince M.; Dubiel, John T.; Lyons, Orville. Tall oil pitch and fatty acid-based chemical change agent [CCA] formulation for solid and synthetic fuel production. USP2005056887282.
  21. Rivas, Hercilio; Gutierrez, Xiomara; Gonzalez, Manuel A.; McGrath, Geoffrey; Carrasquero, Migdalia; Lopez-Linares, Francisco; Galiasso, Roberto. Water in hydrocarbon emulsion useful as low emission fuel and method for forming same. USP2010047704288.
  22. Rivas,Hercilio; Guti챕rrez,Xiomara; Gonz찼lez,Manuel A.; McGrath,Geoffrey; Carrasquero,Migdalia; L처pez Linares,Francisco; Galiasso,Roberto. Water in hydrocarbon emulsion useful as low emission fuel and method for forming same. USP2007107276093.
  23. Rivas Hercilio,VEX ; Nunez Gustavo A.,VEX ; Colmenares Tulio,VEX ; Chirinos Manuel,VEX. Water in viscous hydrocarbon emulsion combustible fuel for diesel engines and process for making same. USP1998035725609.