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특허 상세정보

Electrochemical cell having gas pressurized contact between laminar, gas diffusion electrode and current collector

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C25B-007/16    C25B-001/34   
미국특허분류(USC) 204/98 ; 204/128 ; 204/252 ; 429/13
출원번호 US-0661633 (1984-10-17)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 27  인용 특허 : 16
초록

An electrochemical cell having a hydraulically impermeable permselective membrane located between electrodes comprising at least one gas diffusion, laminar electrode having hydrophilic and hydrophobic layers and attendant current collector means is operated with greater efficiency by forcing the laminar, gas diffusion electrode against the current collector means so as to make and maintain electrical contact therebetween by means of gas pressure exerted against the hydrophobic side of the laminar, gas diffusion electrode opposite to that which faces the ...

대표
청구항

In a process for the electrolysis of an alkali metal halide brine wherein an aqueous brine is introduced into an anode compartment of an electrolytic cell containing a gas compartment; water or aqueous alkali metal hydroxide is introduced into a cathode compartment of the cell; said cathode and anode compartments are separated by a semi-permeable membrane; halogen and depleted brine are withdrawn through a common first conduit from the anode compartment to a brine collection point; and alkali metal hydroxide solution is withdrawn through a second conduit...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (16)

  1. Balko Edward N. (Wilmington MA). Anode for reducing oxygen generation in the electrolysis of hydrogen chloride. USP1982014311568.
  2. Kadija Igor V. (Cleveland TN). Current distributors for reticulate electrodes. USP1982094350580.
  3. Coker Thomas G. (Waltham MA) LaConti Anthony B. (Lynnfield MA) Balko Edward N. (Wilmington MA) McGray George B. (Wakefield MA). Electrolysis of alkali metal halides in a three-compartment cell with a pressurized buffer compartment. USP1980074214958.
  4. Ezzell Bobby R. (Lake Jackson TX) Malone Jacquelyn M. (Houston TX) Sorenson Marius W. (Lake Jackson TX). Electrolysis of aqueous solutions of alkali-metal halides employing a flexible polymeric hydraulically-impermeable membr. USP1981054265719.
  5. DuBois Donald W. (Corpus Christi TX). Electrolytic apparatus utilizing a transition metal-graphite intercalation compound cathode. USP1982064336123.
  6. Covitch Michael J. (Cleveland Heights OH) Smith Mark F. (Edison OH) Benezra Leo L. (Mentor OH). Electrolytic cell membrane/SPE formation by solution coating. USP1983064386987.
  7. Kurtz Bruce E. (Marcellus NY) Fitch Robert H. (Syracuse NY). Electrolytic production of chlorine and caustic soda. USP1980054204920.
  8. Darlington William B. (Portland TX) DuBois Donald W. (Corpus Christi TX) White Preston S. (Corpus Christi TX). Electrolytically producing chlorine using a solid polymer electrolyte-cathode unit. USP1981104293394.
  9. Solomon Frank (Great Neck NY). Fibrillated matrix active layer for an electrode. USP1982104354958.
  10. Oda Yoshio (Yokohama JPX) Morimoto Takeshi (Yokohama JPX) Suzuki Kohji (Yokohama JPX). Gas diffusion electrode. USP1981114299682.
  11. Solomon Frank (Great Neck NY). Gas electrode with asymmetric current distributor. USP1982104354917.
  12. de Nora Oronzio (Milan ITX). Novel electrolysis cell. USP1982084343690.
  13. Gestaut Lawrence J. (Painesville OH). Oxygen cathode for alkali-halide electrolysis cell. USP1981074278525.
  14. Pellegri Alberto (Luino ITX). Process for generating a halogen with novel electrodes. USP1981094287032.
  15. Darlington William B. (Portland TX) DuBois Donald W. (Corpus Christi TX). Solid polymer electrolyte chlor-alkali process. USP1982024315805.
  16. Solomon Frank (Great Neck NY) Grun Charles (Matawan NJ). Three layer laminate. USP1984064456521.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 27

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  4. Kendall, Greg T.; Morgan, Walter R.. Aircraft control system. USP2010097802756.
  5. Yu, Han Young. Apparatus and method for controlling humidity. USP20180810047949.
  6. Konabe,Kazuo. Binder for electrodes. USP2006097112383.
  7. Curelop, Edward; Lu, Sharon; McDevitt, Stephen; Pappas, David; Sunstrom, Joseph. Cathodes for metal air electrochemical cells. USP2003106632557.
  8. Swiegers, Gerhard Frederick; Nattestad, Andrew; Antiohos, Dennis; Thompson, Fletcher William; Beirne, Stephen Thomas; Romano, Mark S.; Zheng, Wen; Chen, Jun; Wang, Caiyun; Kloos, Steven DuWayne. Composite three-dimensional electrodes and methods of fabrication. USP20180710026967.
  9. Burke, Kenneth Alan. Electrically conductive porous membrane. USP2014048685576.
  10. McIntyre John M. (Lake Jackson TX). Electrochemical cell for the electrolysis of an alkali metal halide and the production of a halogenated hydrocarbon. USP1989054834847.
  11. Markoski, Larry J.; Natarajan, Dilip; Primak, Alex. Electrochemical cells. USP2012028119305.
  12. Xia, Zijun; Huang, Qunjian; Sui, Chihyu Caroline; Fang, Jianhua; Xie, Xiaoan. Electrochemical water treatment system and method. USP20190210207939.
  13. Hossain M. Sohrab (Marlborough MA) Yeager Ernest B. (Cleveland OH) Tryk Donald A. (Cleveland Heights OH) Gordon Arnold Z. (Beachwood OH). Gas diffusion cathodes, electrochemical cells and methods exhibiting improved oxygen reduction performance. USP1990124980037.
  14. Solomon Frank (Great Neck NY) Genodman Yury (Brooklyn NY) Irizarry Jaime (Kearny NJ). Gas diffusion electrode. USP1989104877694.
  15. Markoski, Larry J.; Natarajan, Dilip. High efficiency fuel cell system. USP2012048163429.
  16. Markoski, Larry J.; Natarajan, Dilip; Primak, Alex. Hydrogel barrier for fuel cells. USP2013108551667.
  17. MacCready, Paul B.; Hibbs, Bart D.; Curtin, Robert F.. Hydrogen powered aircraft. USP2012118308106.
  18. MacCready, Paul B.; Hibbs, Bart D.; Curtin, Robert F.. Hydrogen powered aircraft. USP2011098011616.
  19. MacCready, Paul B.; Hibbs, Bart D.; Swanson, Kyle D.; Curtin, Robert F.. Hydrogen powered aircraft. USP2011108028951.
  20. MacCready,Paul B.; Hibbs,Bart D.; Curtin,Robert F.. Hydrogen powered aircraft. USP2007107281681.
  21. Yeager Ernest B. (Cleveland OH) Tryk Donald A. (Cleveland Heights OH) Hossain M. Sohrab (Marlborough MA) Gordon Arnold Z. (Beachwood OH). Ionomeric polymers with ionomer membrane in pressure tolerant gas diffusion electrodes. USP1990124975172.
  22. Markoski, Larry J.; Simmons, Timothy C.. Liquid containers and apparatus for use with power producing devices. USP2014078783304.
  23. MacCready, Paul B.; Hibbs, Bart D.; Curtin, Robert F.; Swanson, Kyle D.; Belik, Paul. Liquid hydrogen stratospheric aircraft. USP2003046550717.
  24. Markoski, Larry J.; Natarajan, Dilip. Method and apparatus for enhancing power density of direct liquid fuel cells. USP2015069065095.
  25. Peace, Steven L.; Backer, Gerald P.. Mixing arrangement for a flow cell of an energy storage system. USP2015119184454.
  26. Tarrant, Derek C.; Trudeau, Jr., Paul A.. Perforated electrode plate. USP2016039276266.
  27. Markoski, Larry J.; Natarajan, Dilip; Primak, Alex. Permselective composite membrane for electrochemical cells. USP2012048158300.