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특허 상세정보

Manual free-access vending machine

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) G08B-021/00    G08B-013/18   
미국특허분류(USC) 340/568 ; 221/6 ; 221/17 ; 340/542
출원번호 US-0063950 (1987-06-19)
우선권정보 BE-0216813 (1986-06-20)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 56  인용 특허 : 2
초록

The status corresponding to the presence or absence of articles at their reserved locations is detected by means of an optical switch comprising an emitter which sends infra-red rays toward a receiver. The article obstructs these rays and hence its presence is detected. The information obtained from the optical switches is processed and used for servicing or billing.

대표
청구항

A manual free-access vending machine allowing unconstrained direct access to a plurality of different outer shaped articles, said vending machine comprising: a housing; support means provided in said housing and defining fixed reserved locations from which corresponding individual articles can be removed and replaced; detection means disposed at each of said reserved locations to detect statuses corresponding to the presence or absence of each of said individual articles in said reserved locations and to generate signals representative thereof; and proce...

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 56

  1. Kernick, Edward R.; Darabi, Hamid A.; Wang, Daniel T.. Apparatus and method for distributing ophthalmic lenses. USP20181010109145.
  2. Wang, Daniel T.; Kernick, Edward R.; Darabi, Hamid A.; Mirmina, Francis E.; Foelsche, Gerhard Andrew; Baker, David Logan; Petrillo, Breck Andrew; Dumas, Carl B.; Luong, Son Minh; Beaugh, Benjamin; Zirps, Christopher T.. Apparatus and method for distributing ophthalmic lenses. USP2013038392018.
  3. Crisp, III, Harry Lee. Appliance having a user interface panel and a beverage dispenser. USP2012108290616.
  4. Crisp, III, Harry Lee. Appliance having a user interface panel and a beverage dispenser. USP2013108548624.
  5. Crisp, III, Harry Lee. Appliance having a user interface panel and a beverage dispenser. USP2013128606395.
  6. Crisp, III, Harry Lee. Appliance having a user interface panel and a beverage dispenser. USP2012018103378.
  7. Crisp, III, Harry Lee. Appliance having a user interface panel and a beverage dispenser. USP2015079090447.
  8. Crisp, III, Harry Lee. Appliance having a user interface panel and a beverage dispenser. USP2015079090448.
  9. Crisp, III, Harry Lee. Appliance having a user interface panel and a beverage dispenser. USP2015079090449.
  10. Crisp, III,Harry Lee. Appliance operable with supply distribution, dispensing and use system and method. USP2009027484388.
  11. Crisp, III, Harry Lee. Appliance supply distribution, dispensing and use system method. USP2004096799085.
  12. Crisp, Harry Lee. Appliance with dispenser. USP2013108565917.
  13. Crisp, III, Harry Lee. Appliance with dispenser. USP2012058190290.
  14. Crisp, III, Harry Lee. Appliance with dispenser. USP2015079090446.
  15. Crisp, III, Harry Lee; Ramsey, Christopher Paul; Tanner, Roger. Appliance with dispenser. USP2012108290615.
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  17. Teicher Mordechai,ILX. Automated self-service cafeteria system. USP2000086102162.
  18. Denenberg, David; Jordan, Michael; Fellows, Eugene. Automated will call system. USP2005046874684.
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  21. Denenberg,David; Jordan,Michael; Fellows,Eugene. Automated will call system. USP2008087410098.
  22. Fellows, Eugene; Denenberg, David; Jordan, Michael. Automated will call system. USP2014128924227.
  23. Jordan,Michael; Fellows,Eugene; Denenberg,David. Automated will call system. USP2006087093755.
  24. Walsh, Thomas Jerome. Beverage cooler with storage organizer. USP2011037896451.
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  26. Crisp, III, Harry Lee; Duff, Todd Erik. Beverage dispensing apparatus having a valve actuator control system. USP2009117611031.
  27. Crisp, III, Harry Lee. Beverage dispensing apparatus having carbonated and non-carbonated water supplier. USP2005026848600.
  28. Crisp, III,Harry Lee; Duff,Todd Erik. Beverage dispensing apparatus having drink supply canister holder. USP2006027004355.
  29. Crisp, III, Harry Lee; Duff, Todd Erik. Beverage dispensing apparatus having fluid director. USP2005056896159.
  30. Crisp, III, Harry Lee. Beverage distribution and dispensing system and method. USP2004066751525.
  31. David Porter. Collapsible storage device for the delivery and pickup of goods. USP2002076426699.
  32. Josephus Rene Hilda Cavens BE. Device for managing dish stocks. USP2002046374154.
  33. Crisp, III,Harry Lee. Dishwasher operable with supply distribution, dispensing and use system method. USP2007047204259.
  34. Crisp, III, Harry Lee. Drink supply canister for beverage dispensing apparatus. USP2005026857541.
  35. Crisp, III,Harry Lee. Drink supply canister having a drink supply outlet valve with a rotatable member. USP2008067389895.
  36. Crisp, III,Harry Lee. Drink supply canister having a self-closing pressurization valve operable to receive a pressurization pin. USP2008057367480.
  37. Crisp, III, Harry Lee; Ramsey, Christopher Paul; Tanner, Roger. Drink supply container having an end member supporting gas inlet and outlet valves which extend perpendicular to the end member. USP2010057708172.
  38. Crisp, III,Harry Lee; Ramsey,Christopher Paul; Tanner,Roger. Drink supply container valve assembly. USP2008087416097.
  39. Sone Masahiro. Household consumable item automatic replenishment system including intelligent refrigerator. USP2001036204763.
  40. Staar Marcel Jules,BEX. Identification system for articles in vending apparatus of hotel rooms. USP2000116152321.
  41. Rose Joel S. ; Horton Galen E. L. ; Pfeffer Christopher J.. Inventory control system and method. USP1999105963920.
  42. Pacorich,Massimo; Mari,Daniele; Pippia,Ennio. Method for monitoring items passing through an entry/exit opening in a delimited space and apparatus to carry out such method. USP2008117448545.
  43. Edward L. Davis ; Benjamin Schafer. Optical chassis intrusion detection with power on or off. USP2002056388574.
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  45. Crisp, III,Harry Lee; Duff,Todd Erik. Refrigerator having a beverage dispensing apparatus with a drink supply canister holder. USP2006047032779.
  46. Crisp, III,Harry Lee; Duff,Todd Erik. Refrigerator having a fluid director access door. USP2008097419073.
  47. Crisp, III,Harry Lee; Duff,Todd Erik. Refrigerator having a gas line which pressurizes a drink supply container for producing beverages. USP2007017168592.
  48. Crisp, III, Harry Lee; Duff, Todd Erik. Refrigerator having a gas supply apparatus for pressurizing drink supply canisters. USP2005076915925.
  49. Crisp, III,Harry Lee. Refrigerator operable to display an image and output a carbonated beverage. USP2008047356381.
  50. Crisp, III,Harry Lee. Refrigerator that displays beverage images, reads beverage data files and produces beverages. USP2006047032780.
  51. Crisp, III,Harry Lee; Duff,Todd Erik. Refrigerator which removably holds a drink supply container having a valve co-acting with an engager. USP2008037337924.
  52. Enqvist, Anders. Storage-cabinet and method for selling frozen and/or refrigerated goods from such a locked storage-cabinet. USP2013068468059.
  53. Crisp, III,Harry Lee. System and method for distributing drink supply containers. USP2007047203572.
  54. Teicher Mordechai,ILX. Vending machine, a vending system and methods for operating same. USP1998035728999.
  55. Crisp, III, Harry Lee. Washing machine operable with supply distribution, dispensing and use system method. USP2010037689476.
  56. Crisp, III,Harry Lee. Water supplier for a beverage dispensing apparatus of a refrigerator. USP2007107278552.