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특허 상세정보

Surface tension confined liquid cryogen cooler

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) F17C-011/00   
미국특허분류(USC) 220/5A ; 220/901 ; 62/45 ; 62/48
출원번호 US-0205771 (1988-06-13)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 20  인용 특허 : 14
초록

A cryogenic cooler is provided for use in craft such as launch, orbital and space vehicles subject to substantial vibration, changes in orientation and weightlessness. The cooler contains a small pore, large free volume, low density material to restrain a cryogen through surface tension effects during launch and zero-g operations and maintains instrumentation within the temperature range of 10°-140°K. The cooler operation is completely passive, with no inherent vibration or power requirements.

대표
청구항

A cryogenic cooler for use in craft such as launch, orbital and space vehicles subject to changes in orientation and conditions of vibration and weightlessness comprising: an insulated tank; a porous open celled sponge-like material disposed substantially throughout the contained volume of said insulated tank; a cryogenic fluid disposed within said sponge-like material; a cooling finger immersed in said cryogenic fluid, said finger extending from inside said insulated tank externally to an outside source such as an instrument detector for the purpose of ...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (14)

  1. Hastings Roger N. (Burnsville MN) Imsdahl John A. (Richfield MN). Anti-slosh apparatus for liquid containers. USP1988064750631.
  2. Woolley Ronald L. (Orem UT). Apparatus and method for transferring heat to and from a bed of metal hydrides. USP1980014185979.
  3. Barthel Alfred (Indianapolis IN). Cryogenic storage container. USP1984114481779.
  4. Asami Takayoshi (Ohtsu JPX) Sonoi Hidekazu (Kobe JPX). Heat exchange apparatus with use of hydrogen storing material. USP1983074393924.
  5. Husler Peter (Hattingen DEX) Nathrath Norbert (Bottrop DEX). Hydride storage for hydrogen. USP1984124489564.
  6. Bernstein Philip (Glen Ridge NJ) Coffey James P. (Warwick NY) Varker Alan E. (Warwick NY) Arms John T. (Monroe NY) Clark William D. K. (Warwick NY) Goodell Paul D. (Ridgewood NJ). Hydrogen sorbent composition. USP1984024433063.
  7. Helversen Frederick D. (300 Sand Hill Cir. ; #206 Menlo Park CA 94025). Hydrogen storage apparatus. USP1981024249654.
  8. Hunter, James B.. Hydrogen storage system. USP1983054383606.
  9. Weitzen William (Bethesda MD). Immobilizing toxic liquids. USP1982074341078.
  10. Schwarz James A. (Fayetteville NY). Metal assisted carbon cold storage of hydrogen. USP1988014716736.
  11. Sandrock ; Gary Dale. Nickel-mischmetal-calcium alloys for hydrogen storage. USP1978064096639.
  12. Kawam Antoine (Washington DC). Process for storing a liquefied gas for its distribution in gaseous form. USP1976043950960.
  13. Young John K. (Carmel IN) Barthel Alfred (Indianapolis IN). Shipping container for storing materials at cryogenic temperatures. USP1985014495775.
  14. Maier-Laxhuber Peter (Saumweberstrasse 14 D-8000 Munchen 60 DEX) Kaubek Fritz (Gasparistrasse 5 A D-8000 Munchen 71 DEX). Zeolite blanks with a high heat conductivity and process for making the same. USP1987064674563.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 20

  1. Binneberg Armin (Freital DEX) Neubert Johannes (Dresden DEX) Spoerl Gabriele (Dresden DEX) Wolf Walter (Juelich DEX). Apparatus for self-sufficiently cooling high temperature superconducting components. USP1997045615557.
  2. Hertzler,Benjamin Lee; Shay,Robert Harrison; Botelho,Alexandre de Almeida. Assembly and method for containing, receiving and storing fluids and for dispensing gas from a fluid control and gas delivery assembly having an integrated fluid flow restrictor. USP2006127150299.
  3. Hoyle Michael D. (Arlington TX) Snyder Charles V. (East Mobile AL). Carbon dioxide storage and dispensing apparatus and method. USP1990014897226.
  4. Nagaishi Tatsuoki,JPX. Coolant container and its method of manufacture. USP2001066244068.
  5. Tibor Istvan Lak. Cryogenic fluid supply from supercritical storage system. USP2002046374618.
  6. Valentian, Dominique. Cryogenic liquid storage system for a spacecraft. USP2014118893514.
  7. Patrick L. Mullens ; Gregg Emmel ; Kevin Giesy ; Christy Thomas. Cryogenic shipping container. USP2002106467642.
  8. Callaghan Michael T. (Florissant MO) Schrader William K. (Florissant MO) Duckert Robert E. (St. Ann MO). Cryogenic structures. USP1997075651474.
  9. Lowry Jerald F. ; Christianson Owen R.. Cryostat apparatus. USP1999095956957.
  10. Westenberger, Andreas; Thomaschewski, Oliver. Device and method for storing hydrogen for an aircraft. USP2013048430237.
  11. Grant, Richard; Leigh-Lancaster, Christopher John; Zipsin, Andrew; Peele, Timothy; Fitzpatrick, Ian S.. Devices, systems and related methods suitable for delivery of a liquid medicament stored at cryogenic temperatures. USP2014038672879.
  12. Uraguchi, Ryosuke; Murakami, Asako; Izumi, Naruyoshi; Sano, Atsushi; Muragishi, Osamu. Double-shell tank and liquefied gas carrier ship. USP20190210207775.
  13. Zheng, Dao-Hong; Irven, John; George, Mark Allen. Gas control device and method of supplying gas. USP2003116648021.
  14. Zheng, Dao-Hong; Irven, John; George, Mark Allen. Gas control device and method of supplying gas. USP2003036527009.
  15. Back Dwight Douglas ; Ramos Charlie. Noble gas storage and flow control system for ion propulsion. USP2001106301876.
  16. Mullens Patrick L. ; Emmel Gregg. Shipping container for storing materials at cryogenic temperatures. USP2000096119465.
  17. Yoshida, Toyotaka; Nakamichi, Kenji. Storage tank for liquefied fuel. USP20180610006420.
  18. Pearlstein,Ronald Martin; Langan,John Giles; Zheng,Dao Hong; Irven,John; Hertzler,Benjamin Lee. Sub-atmospheric gas delivery method and apparatus. USP2006037013916.
  19. Wooldridge, Eric Newland; Jacobs, Daniel Bailey. Vacuum cooler. USP2016039296543.
  20. Giesy, R. Kevin; Ventura, Mark; Roberts, Funn. Vapor plug for cryogenic storage vessels. USP2003046539726.